In situ neutron diffraction and polycrystal plasticity modeling of a Mg–Y–Nd–Zr alloy: Effects of precipitation on individual deformation mechanisms. Agnew, S. R., Mulay, R. P., Polesak III, F. J., Calhoun, C. A., Bhattacharyya, J. J., & Clausen, B. Acta Materialia, 61(10):3769–3780, June, 2013.
In situ neutron diffraction and polycrystal plasticity modeling of a Mg–Y–Nd–Zr alloy: Effects of precipitation on individual deformation mechanisms [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
In situ neutron diffraction compression tests were performed on Mg–Y–Nd–Zr alloy WE43, in the solution heat-treated, peak- and over-aged conditions. The flow curves and internal strain evolutions were modeled using polycrystal plasticity simulation, with the inclusion of an elastic phase to account for the presence of precipitates. The results reveal that prismatic plate-shaped precipitates strongly impede basal slip; the critical resolved shear strength (CRSS) of basal slip increases from 12 to 37 MPa, an increase of over 200%. However, hard deformation modes such as non-basal slip of 〈a〉 dislocations are required for macroscopic yielding. These hard modes are not as strongly affected by aging, with CRSS values which increase from 78 to 92 MPa, an increase of only 18%. The results of the study are consistent with recent modeling of the relative Orowan strengthening of individual deformation modes and the superposition of various strengthening effects (solid solution and precipitation). This finding helps to explain why the age-hardening response of Mg–Y–Nd–Zr alloys is not exceptional. It is concluded that future precipitation-strengthened alloy and process design strategies should focus on promoting high number densities of particles. The effect of aging upon twinning is surprising. The most age-hardened material exhibits more twinning than the solutionized material. To model this behavior using polycrystal plasticity, the critical stress to activate twinning (especially the strain hardening thereof) must be decreased.
@article{agnew_situ_2013,
	title = {In situ neutron diffraction and polycrystal plasticity modeling of a {Mg}–{Y}–{Nd}–{Zr} alloy: {Effects} of precipitation on individual deformation mechanisms},
	volume = {61},
	issn = {1359-6454},
	shorttitle = {In situ neutron diffraction and polycrystal plasticity modeling of a {Mg}–{Y}–{Nd}–{Zr} alloy},
	url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S135964541300219X},
	doi = {10.1016/j.actamat.2013.03.010},
	abstract = {In situ neutron diffraction compression tests were performed on Mg–Y–Nd–Zr alloy WE43, in the solution heat-treated, peak- and over-aged conditions. The flow curves and internal strain evolutions were modeled using polycrystal plasticity simulation, with the inclusion of an elastic phase to account for the presence of precipitates. The results reveal that prismatic plate-shaped precipitates strongly impede basal slip; the critical resolved shear strength (CRSS) of basal slip increases from 12 to 37 MPa, an increase of over 200\%. However, hard deformation modes such as non-basal slip of 〈a〉 dislocations are required for macroscopic yielding. These hard modes are not as strongly affected by aging, with CRSS values which increase from 78 to 92 MPa, an increase of only 18\%. The results of the study are consistent with recent modeling of the relative Orowan strengthening of individual deformation modes and the superposition of various strengthening effects (solid solution and precipitation). This finding helps to explain why the age-hardening response of Mg–Y–Nd–Zr alloys is not exceptional. It is concluded that future precipitation-strengthened alloy and process design strategies should focus on promoting high number densities of particles. The effect of aging upon twinning is surprising. The most age-hardened material exhibits more twinning than the solutionized material. To model this behavior using polycrystal plasticity, the critical stress to activate twinning (especially the strain hardening thereof) must be decreased.},
	number = {10},
	urldate = {2016-02-26},
	journal = {Acta Materialia},
	author = {Agnew, S. R. and Mulay, R. P. and Polesak III, F. J. and Calhoun, C. A. and Bhattacharyya, J. J. and Clausen, B.},
	month = jun,
	year = {2013},
	keywords = {Aging, Internal stress, Neutron diffraction, Precipitation, Twinning},
	pages = {3769--3780},
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}

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