Comparison of Lifestyle Patterns and Body Weight Management Practices between Normal Weight and Obese Female University Students (Riyadh-Saudi Arabia). Alqahtani, A.; Aloraini, M.; Alsubaie, A.; Alateq, A.; Alsagabi, B.; and Benajiba, N. The North African Journal of Food and Nutrition Research, 01(01):11-18, S. Karger AG, 2017.
Comparison of Lifestyle Patterns and Body Weight Management Practices between Normal Weight and Obese Female University Students (Riyadh-Saudi Arabia) [pdf]Paper  Comparison of Lifestyle Patterns and Body Weight Management Practices between Normal Weight and Obese Female University Students (Riyadh-Saudi Arabia) [link]Website  abstract   bibtex   
BACKGROUND: According to a national survey in 2014, the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Saudi women is reaching 33.5%. Instead of adopting healthy lifestyle, this population may adopt some weight management practices (WMP) which might be unhealthy and some could lead to serious health issues. AIM: To compare lifestyle patterns and WMP adopted by obese and normal weight Saudi females by assessing the difference in energy and macronutrients intake, dietary habits, level of physical activity and WMP. METHODS: Through a cross-sectional study among female students at Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University (PNU) (Riyadh – KSA.), 200 participants were conveniently selected, assigned in two groups in obese and normal weight (each group have 100 students) based on their BMI according to the WHO cut-off values. Data collected through questionnaire and analysis was performed using SPSS program, Chi-square and t-test were used to assess the difference between the two groups. RESULTS: Unhealthy WMP were high among obese students. Total calorie intake was not different; however, fat intake was higher in obese group (p<0.01). Level of moderate active was higher in normal group than obese group (33% versus 19%, respectively). Food frequency consumption showed that fruit, date and dressing were higher in obese group compared to normal weight group (p-value = 0.02, 0.01 and 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Obese PNU female students adopt unhealthy WMP besides their inadequate nutritional intake and unhealthy dietary habits. Increasing awareness about the healthy lifestyle to manage weight is urgently needed. Keywords: Weight practice management, Obesity, Female University students, Saudi Arabia
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 title = {Comparison of Lifestyle Patterns and Body Weight Management Practices between Normal Weight and Obese Female University Students (Riyadh-Saudi Arabia)},
 type = {article},
 year = {2017},
 identifiers = {[object Object]},
 keywords = {*Saudi Arabia,*body weight management,*healthy lifestyle,*obesity,*university student,Student t test,adult,awareness,body mass,caloric intake,controlled study,cross-sectional study,data analysis software,fat intake,female,fruit,habit,human,macronutrient,major clinical study,physical activity,prevalence,questionnaire,randomized controlled trial,statistical significance},
 pages = {11-18},
 volume = {01},
 websites = {https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1312170},
 publisher = {S. Karger AG},
 series = {21st International Congress of Nutrition, ICN 2017. Argentina.},
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 abstract = {BACKGROUND: According to a national survey in 2014, the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Saudi women is reaching 33.5%. Instead of adopting healthy lifestyle, this population may adopt some weight management practices (WMP) which might be unhealthy and some could lead to serious health issues. AIM:  To compare lifestyle patterns and WMP adopted by obese and normal weight Saudi females by assessing the difference in energy and macronutrients intake, dietary habits, level of physical activity and WMP. METHODS:  Through a cross-sectional study among female students at Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University (PNU) (Riyadh – KSA.), 200 participants were conveniently selected, assigned in two groups in obese and normal weight (each group have 100 students) based on their BMI according to the WHO cut-off values. Data collected through questionnaire and analysis was performed using SPSS program, Chi-square and t-test were used to assess the difference between the two groups. RESULTS:  Unhealthy WMP were high among obese students. Total calorie intake was not different; however, fat intake was higher in obese group (p<0.01). Level of moderate active was higher in normal group than obese group (33% versus 19%, respectively). Food frequency consumption showed that fruit, date and dressing were higher in obese group compared to normal weight group (p-value = 0.02, 0.01 and 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Obese PNU female students adopt unhealthy WMP besides their inadequate nutritional intake and unhealthy dietary habits. Increasing awareness about the healthy lifestyle to manage weight is urgently needed.

Keywords: Weight practice management, Obesity, Female University students, Saudi Arabia},
 bibtype = {article},
 author = {Alqahtani, Amera and Aloraini, Munirah and Alsubaie, Areej and Alateq, Arwa and Alsagabi, Beshair and Benajiba, Nada},
 journal = {The North African Journal of Food and Nutrition Research},
 number = {01}
}