An acoustic analysis of rate of speech effects on vowel production in aphasia. Baum, S. R Brain and Language, 44(4):414-430.
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The present investigation examined the production of tense and lax vowel duration differences at two speaking rates in the speech of 10 nonfluent aphasics, 8 fluent aphasics, and 10 normal control subjects. Subjects produced four repetitions of each of the vowels [i e ae o u I epsilon upsilon --] at each speaking rate. Acoustic analyses revealed that subjects in all three groups were able to manipulate overall rate of speech. In addition, normal controls and fluent aphasic subjects produced vowels under the fast rate condition which were significantly shorter than those under the slow rate condition. Despite a change in overall speaking rate, the nonfluent aphasics did not exhibit a significant difference in vowel duration at the two rates of speech, suggesting a deficit in the implementation of this temporal parameter. Both normal controls and fluent aphasic patients produced nonoverlapping distributions of tense and lax vowels at both speaking rates. In contrast, the nonfluent aphasics demonstrated a great deal of overlap in the distribution of tense and lax vowel durations at the fast rate. Results are discussed in relation to the nature of the speech production deficits in nonfluent and fluent aphasic patients.
@article{baum_acoustic_1993,
	Author = {Baum, Shari R},
	Date = {1993},
	Date-Modified = {2017-04-19 08:04:06 +0000},
	Doi = {10.1006/brln.1993.1025},
	Issn = {0093934X},
	Journal = {Brain and Language},
	Keywords = {aphasia, clinical, clinical phonetics, neurolinguistics, phonetics, prosody, speech rate, temporal factors},
	Number = {4},
	Pages = {414-430},
	Pmid = {8319081},
	Title = {An acoustic analysis of rate of speech effects on vowel production in aphasia},
	Volume = {44},
	Abstract = {The present investigation examined the production of tense and lax vowel duration differences at two speaking rates in the speech of 10 nonfluent aphasics, 8 fluent aphasics, and 10 normal control subjects. Subjects produced four repetitions of each of the vowels [i e ae o u I epsilon upsilon --] at each speaking rate. Acoustic analyses revealed that subjects in all three groups were able to manipulate overall rate of speech. In addition, normal controls and fluent aphasic subjects produced vowels under the fast rate condition which were significantly shorter than those under the slow rate condition. Despite a change in overall speaking rate, the nonfluent aphasics did not exhibit a significant difference in vowel duration at the two rates of speech, suggesting a deficit in the implementation of this temporal parameter. Both normal controls and fluent aphasic patients produced nonoverlapping distributions of tense and lax vowels at both speaking rates. In contrast, the nonfluent aphasics demonstrated a great deal of overlap in the distribution of tense and lax vowel durations at the fast rate. Results are discussed in relation to the nature of the speech production deficits in nonfluent and fluent aphasic patients.},
	Bdsk-Url-1 = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/brln.1993.1025}}
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