Sexual characteristics of preadolescent childrens' voices. Bennett, S. and Weinberg, B. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 65(1):179-189.
Sexual characteristics of preadolescent childrens' voices [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
This investigation was undertaken to enlarge current understanding of the acoustic properties which influence the perception of maleness and femaleness in the voices of prepubertal children. Perceptual judgments of sexual identity were obtained in response to tape recordings of whispered and normally phonated vowels, normally spoken sentences, and sentences spoken in a monotonous fashion. Seventy‐three children provided recordings. The four utterance types were chosen to experimentally manipulate selected physical properties of speech thought to exert an influence on listener judgments of sexual identity. The results of this work suggest that cues stemming from differences in vocal tract dimensions and/or articulatory behaviors provided the primary cues about the sexual identity of these preadolescent children. Although laryngeal source cues could have provided relevant information about the sex of a few children, this variable was felt to play a relatively minor role in the sex recognition process. New information was uncovered about the role certain suprasegmental factors play in the identification of child sex.
@article{bennett_sexual_1979,
	Author = {Bennett, Suzanne and Weinberg, Bernd},
	Date = {1979},
	Date-Modified = {2017-04-19 08:04:06 +0000},
	Doi = {10.1121/1.382234},
	Issn = {00014966},
	Journal = {The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America},
	Keywords = {age, gender, interspeaker variation, phonetics},
	Number = {1},
	Pages = {179-189},
	Title = {Sexual characteristics of preadolescent childrens' voices},
	Url = {http://scitation.aip.org/content/asa/journal/jasa/65/1/10.1121/1.382234},
	Volume = {65},
	Abstract = {This investigation was undertaken to enlarge current understanding of the acoustic properties which influence the perception of maleness and femaleness in the voices of prepubertal children. Perceptual judgments of sexual identity were obtained in response to tape recordings of whispered and normally phonated vowels, normally spoken sentences, and sentences spoken in a monotonous fashion. Seventy‐three children provided recordings. The four utterance types were chosen to experimentally manipulate selected physical properties of speech thought to exert an influence on listener judgments of sexual identity. The results of this work suggest that cues stemming from differences in vocal tract dimensions and/or articulatory behaviors provided the primary cues about the sexual identity of these preadolescent children. Although laryngeal source cues could have provided relevant information about the sex of a few children, this variable was felt to play a relatively minor role in the sex recognition process. New information was uncovered about the role certain suprasegmental factors play in the identification of child sex.},
	Bdsk-Url-1 = {http://scitation.aip.org/content/asa/journal/jasa/65/1/10.1121/1.382234},
	Bdsk-Url-2 = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.382234}}
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