Production deficits in aphasia: a voice-onset time analysis. Blumstein, S. E; Cooper, W. E; Goodglass, H; Statlender, S; and Gottlieb, J Brain and Language, 9(2):153-170.
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An experimental study was conducted to examine phonetic and phonemic deficits in the speech production of aphasics. Subjects included four Broca's aphasics, four Conduction aphasics, five Wernicke's aphasics, one nonaphasic dysarthric patient, and four normal controls. The subjects read a list of words containing word-initial stop consonants which were subsequently measured acoustically for voice-onset time. The results showed that Broca's aphasics exhibit a more severe production disorder than Conduction aphasics who in turn exhibit a more severe disorder than Wernicke's aphasics, in accord with clinical observations. In addition, although Broca's aphasics produced both phonetic and phonemic errors, the results showed that they have a pervasive phonetic disorder which affects their correct target productions as well as the total number of phonetic errors produced. This deficit however seems to be a speech deficit rather than a low-level motor control problem. In contrast, the Wernicke's aphasics show a deficit characterized by isolated phonemic mistargeting errors. Finally, the pattern of productions for the Conduction aphasics indicates that some patients show a predominantly phonetic disorder similar to the Broca's aphasics and others show predominantly a phonemic disorder similar to the Wernicke's aphasics.
@article{blumstein_production_1980,
	Author = {Blumstein, Sheila E and Cooper, William E and Goodglass, H and Statlender, S and Gottlieb, J},
	Date = {1980},
	Date-Modified = {2017-04-19 08:04:06 +0000},
	Doi = {10.1016/0093-934X(80)90137-6},
	Issn = {0093934X},
	Journal = {Brain and Language},
	Keywords = {acoustic phonetics, aphasia, clinical, clinical phonetics, consonants, neurolinguistics, phonetics, segmental, stops, VOT},
	Number = {2},
	Pages = {153-170},
	Pmid = {7363061},
	Title = {Production deficits in aphasia: a voice-onset time analysis},
	Volume = {9},
	Abstract = {An experimental study was conducted to examine phonetic and phonemic deficits in the speech production of aphasics. Subjects included four Broca's aphasics, four Conduction aphasics, five Wernicke's aphasics, one nonaphasic dysarthric patient, and four normal controls. The subjects read a list of words containing word-initial stop consonants which were subsequently measured acoustically for voice-onset time. The results showed that Broca's aphasics exhibit a more severe production disorder than Conduction aphasics who in turn exhibit a more severe disorder than Wernicke's aphasics, in accord with clinical observations. In addition, although Broca's aphasics produced both phonetic and phonemic errors, the results showed that they have a pervasive phonetic disorder which affects their correct target productions as well as the total number of phonetic errors produced. This deficit however seems to be a speech deficit rather than a low-level motor control problem. In contrast, the Wernicke's aphasics show a deficit characterized by isolated phonemic mistargeting errors. Finally, the pattern of productions for the Conduction aphasics indicates that some patients show a predominantly phonetic disorder similar to the Broca's aphasics and others show predominantly a phonemic disorder similar to the Wernicke's aphasics.},
	Bdsk-Url-1 = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0093-934X(80)90137-6}}
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