Generation of emotions by a morphing technique in English, French and Spanish. Boula de Mareüil, P.; Célérier, P; and Toen, J In Speech Prosody 2002. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Speech Prosody, Aix-en-Provence, France, 11-13 April, 2002.
Generation of emotions by a morphing technique in English, French and Spanish [pdf]Paper  abstract   bibtex   
Generating variants becomes a priority for text-to-speech (TTS) synthesis. In particular, additional mark-ups inserted within the text may be used to communicate emotions. Within the framework of a European project linked to the MPEG4 standard (INTERFACE),our purpose is the synthesis of six emotions (anger, disgust, fear, joy, surprise and sadness): this was performed by applying a morphing technique, from the sequence of phonemes and their corresponding prosodic characteristics, for a ``neutral'' style, generated by a multi- lingual TTS system. We dispose of corpora declined under these six emotions by professional actors in English, French and Spanish: some trends may be drawn, as the inversion of fundamental frequency slopes for disgust and the pruning of melodic movements for sadness. We tend to think that the perceptual identification of the different emotions will be facilitated, within the framework of MPEG4, by the addition of a visual component: a talking head.
@inproceedings{boula_de_mareuil_generation_2002,
	Address = {Aix-en-Provence, France, 11-13 April, 2002},
	Author = {Boula de Mareüil, Philippe and Célérier, P and Toen, J},
	Booktitle = {Speech Prosody 2002. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Speech Prosody},
	Date = {2002},
	Date-Modified = {2016-09-23 19:24:01 +0000},
	Keywords = {emotions, English, French, Spanish, speaking styles, speech synthesis, speech technology},
	Title = {Generation of emotions by a morphing technique in English, French and Spanish},
	Url = {http://aune.lpl.univ-aix.fr/sp2002/pdf/boula-celerier-toen.pdf},
	Abstract = {Generating variants becomes a priority for text-to-speech (TTS) synthesis. In particular, additional mark-ups inserted within the text may be used to communicate emotions. Within the framework of a European project linked to the MPEG4 standard (INTERFACE),our purpose is the synthesis of six emotions (anger, disgust, fear, joy, surprise and sadness): this was performed by applying a morphing technique, from the sequence of phonemes and their corresponding prosodic characteristics, for a ``neutral'' style, generated by a multi- lingual TTS system. We dispose of corpora declined under these six emotions by professional actors in English, French and Spanish: some trends may be drawn, as the inversion of fundamental frequency slopes for disgust and the pruning of melodic movements for sadness. We tend to think that the perceptual identification of the different emotions will be facilitated, within the framework of MPEG4, by the addition of a visual component: a talking head.},
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