Verification of acoustical correlates of emotional speech using formant synthesis. Burkhardt, F. and Sendlmeier, W. F In Speech and Emotion. ISCA Tutorial and Research Workshop, pages 27-39, Frankfurt am Main. Hector.
Verification of acoustical correlates of emotional speech using formant synthesis [pdf]Paper  abstract   bibtex   
This paper explores the perceptual relevance of acoustical correlates of emotional speech by means of speech synthesis. Besides, the research aims at the development of »emotion− rules« which enable an optimized speech synthesis system to generate emotional speech. Two investigations using this synthesizer are described: 1) the systematic variation of selec− ted acoustical features to gain a preliminary impression regar− ding the importance of certain acoustical features for emotion− al expression, and 2) the specific manipulation of a stimulus spoken under emotionally neutral condition to investigate fur− ther the effect of certain features and the overall ability of the synthesizer to generate recognizable emotional expression. It is shown that this approach is indeed capable of generating emotional speech that is recognized almost as well as utteran− ces realized by actors.
@inproceedings{burkhardt_verification_2000,
	Address = {Frankfurt am Main},
	Author = {Burkhardt, Felix and Sendlmeier, Walter F},
	Booktitle = {Speech and Emotion. ISCA Tutorial and Research Workshop},
	Date = {2000},
	Date-Modified = {2016-09-24 18:56:00 +0000},
	Editor = {Sendlmeier, W F},
	File = {Attachment:files/1702/Burkhardt, Sendlmeier - 2000 - Verification of acoustical correlates of emotional speech using formant synthesis.pdf:application/pdf},
	Keywords = {emotions, phonetics, speaking styles, speech synthesis, speech technology},
	Pages = {27-39},
	Publisher = {Hector},
	Title = {Verification of acoustical correlates of emotional speech using formant synthesis},
	Url = {http://felix.syntheticspeech.de/publications/ISCAbelfast.pdf},
	Abstract = {This paper explores the perceptual relevance of acoustical correlates of emotional speech by means of speech synthesis. Besides, the research aims at the development of »emotion− rules« which enable an optimized speech synthesis system to generate emotional speech. Two investigations using this synthesizer are described: 1) the systematic variation of selec− ted acoustical features to gain a preliminary impression regar− ding the importance of certain acoustical features for emotion− al expression, and 2) the specific manipulation of a stimulus spoken under emotionally neutral condition to investigate fur− ther the effect of certain features and the overall ability of the synthesizer to generate recognizable emotional expression. It is shown that this approach is indeed capable of generating emotional speech that is recognized almost as well as utteran− ces realized by actors.},
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