Assessment of Solution Uncertainties in Single-Column Modeling Frameworks. Hack, J. J. & Pedretti, J. A. Journal of Climate, 13(2):352--365, American Meteorological Society, 2015/06/15, 2000.
Assessment of Solution Uncertainties in Single-Column Modeling Frameworks [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Abstract Single-column models (SCMs) have been extensively promoted in recent years as an effective means to develop and test physical parameterizations targeted for more complex three-dimensional climate models. Although there are some clear advantages associated with single-column modeling, there are also some significant disadvantages, including the absence of large-scale feedbacks. Basic limitations of an SCM framework can make it difficult to interpret solutions, and at times contribute to rather striking failures to identify even first-order sensitivities as they would be observed in a global climate simulation. This manuscript will focus on one of the basic experimental approaches currently exploited by the single-column modeling community, with an emphasis on establishing the inherent uncertainties in the numerical solutions. The analysis will employ the standard physics package from the NCAR CCM3 and will illustrate the nature of solution uncertainties that arise from nonlinearities in parameterized physics. The results of this study suggest the need to make use of an ensemble methodology when conducting single-column modeling investigations.
@article{Hack:2000,
	Abstract = {Abstract Single-column models (SCMs) have been extensively promoted in recent years as an effective means to develop and test physical parameterizations targeted for more complex three-dimensional climate models. Although there are some clear advantages associated with single-column modeling, there are also some significant disadvantages, including the absence of large-scale feedbacks. Basic limitations of an SCM framework can make it difficult to interpret solutions, and at times contribute to rather striking failures to identify even first-order sensitivities as they would be observed in a global climate simulation. This manuscript will focus on one of the basic experimental approaches currently exploited by the single-column modeling community, with an emphasis on establishing the inherent uncertainties in the numerical solutions. The analysis will employ the standard physics package from the NCAR CCM3 and will illustrate the nature of solution uncertainties that arise from nonlinearities in parameterized physics. The results of this study suggest the need to make use of an ensemble methodology when conducting single-column modeling investigations.},
	Annote = {doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<0352:AOSUIS>2.0.CO;2},
	Author = {Hack, James J. and Pedretti, John A.},
	Booktitle = {Journal of Climate},
	Da = {2000/01/01},
	Date = {2000/01/01},
	Date-Added = {2015-06-15 18:40:13 +0000},
	Date-Modified = {2015-06-15 18:40:31 +0000},
	Doi = {10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<0352:AOSUIS>2.0.CO;2},
	Isbn = {0894-8755},
	Journal = {Journal of Climate},
	Journal1 = {J. Climate},
	Keywords = {single-column model},
	M3 = {doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<0352:AOSUIS>2.0.CO;2},
	Month = {2015/06/15},
	N2 = {Abstract Single-column models (SCMs) have been extensively promoted in recent years as an effective means to develop and test physical parameterizations targeted for more complex three-dimensional climate models. Although there are some clear advantages associated with single-column modeling, there are also some significant disadvantages, including the absence of large-scale feedbacks. Basic limitations of an SCM framework can make it difficult to interpret solutions, and at times contribute to rather striking failures to identify even first-order sensitivities as they would be observed in a global climate simulation. This manuscript will focus on one of the basic experimental approaches currently exploited by the single-column modeling community, with an emphasis on establishing the inherent uncertainties in the numerical solutions. The analysis will employ the standard physics package from the NCAR CCM3 and will illustrate the nature of solution uncertainties that arise from nonlinearities in parameterized physics. The results of this study suggest the need to make use of an ensemble methodology when conducting single-column modeling investigations.},
	Number = {2},
	Pages = {352--365},
	Publisher = {American Meteorological Society},
	Title = {Assessment of Solution Uncertainties in Single-Column Modeling Frameworks},
	Ty = {JOUR},
	Url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<0352:AOSUIS>2.0.CO;2},
	Volume = {13},
	Year = {2000},
	Year1 = {2000},
	Bdsk-Url-1 = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013%3C0352:AOSUIS%3E2.0.CO;2}}

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