Molecular Determinants of Mechanical Properties of V. cholerae Biofilms at the Air-Liquid Interface. Hollenbeck, E. C, Fong, J. C., Lim, J. Y., Yildiz, F. H, Fuller, G. G, & Cegelski, L. Biophysical Journal, 107(10):2245–2252, November, 2014.
Molecular Determinants of Mechanical Properties of V. cholerae Biofilms at the Air-Liquid Interface [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Biofilm formation increases both the survival and infectivity of Vibrio cholerae, the causative agent of cholera. V. cholerae is capable of forming biofilms on solid surfaces and at the air-liquid interface, termed pellicles. Known components of the extracellular matrix include the matrix proteins Bap1, RbmA, and RbmC, an exopolysaccharide termed Vibrio polysaccharide, and DNA. In this work, we examined a rugose strain of V. cholerae and its mutants unable to produce matrix proteins by interfacial rheology to compare the evolution of pellicle elasticity in real time to understand the molecular basis of matrix protein contributions to pellicle integrity and elasticity. Together with electron micrographs, visual inspection, and contact angle measurements of the pellicles, we defined distinct contributions of the matrix proteins to pellicle morphology, microscale architecture, and mechanical properties. Furthermore, we discovered that Bap1 is uniquely required for the maintenance of the mechanical strength of the pellicle over time and contributes to the hydrophobicity of the pellicle. Thus, Bap1 presents an important matrix component to target in the prevention and dispersal of V. cholerae biofilms.
@article{hollenbeck_molecular_2014,
	Abstract = {Biofilm formation increases both the survival and infectivity of Vibrio cholerae, the causative agent of cholera. V. cholerae is capable of forming biofilms on solid surfaces and at the air-liquid interface, termed pellicles. Known components of the extracellular matrix include the matrix proteins Bap1, RbmA, and RbmC, an exopolysaccharide termed Vibrio polysaccharide, and DNA. In this work, we examined a rugose strain of V. cholerae and its mutants unable to produce matrix proteins by interfacial rheology to compare the evolution of pellicle elasticity in real time to understand the molecular basis of matrix protein contributions to pellicle integrity and elasticity. Together with electron micrographs, visual inspection, and contact angle measurements of the pellicles, we defined distinct contributions of the matrix proteins to pellicle morphology, microscale architecture, and mechanical properties. Furthermore, we discovered that Bap1 is uniquely required for the maintenance of the mechanical strength of the pellicle over time and contributes to the hydrophobicity of the pellicle. Thus, Bap1 presents an important matrix component to target in the prevention and dispersal of V. cholerae biofilms.},
	Author = {Hollenbeck, Emily C and Fong, Jiunn CN and Lim, Ji Youn and Yildiz, Fitnat H and Fuller, Gerald G and Cegelski, Lynette},
	Doi = {10.1016/j.bpj.2014.10.015},
	Journal = {Biophysical Journal},
	Language = {English},
	Month = nov,
	Number = {10},
	Pages = {2245--2252},
	Title = {Molecular {Determinants} of {Mechanical} {Properties} of {V}. cholerae {Biofilms} at the {Air}-{Liquid} {Interface}},
	Url = {http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0006349514010662},
	Volume = {107},
	Year = {2014},
	Bdsk-Url-1 = {http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0006349514010662},
	Bdsk-Url-2 = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bpj.2014.10.015}}

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