The drivers of sustained use of liquified petroleum gas in India. Mani, S.; Jain, A.; Tripathi, S.; and Gould, C. F. Nature Energy, April, 2020. Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
The drivers of sustained use of liquified petroleum gas in India [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Ninety-five per cent of Indian households now have access to liquified petroleum gas (LPG), with 80 million acquiring it under the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) since 2016. Still, having a connection is not enough to eliminate household air pollution. Studying panel data from rural households in six major states from 2014–2015 and 2018, we assess the determinants of cooking energy transition from solid fuels to LPG. We find that PMUY beneficiaries have much lower odds of using LPG as the primary or exclusive fuel compared with general customers, irrespective of their economic status. Village-level penetration of LPG as a primary fuel and the years of LPG use positively influence its sustained use, while ease of access to freely available biomass and reliance on uncertain and irregular income sources hinder LPG use. The findings highlight the need to interlace cooking fuel policies with rural development, to enable a complete transition towards cleaner cooking fuels.
@article{mani_drivers_2020,
	title = {The drivers of sustained use of liquified petroleum gas in {India}},
	copyright = {2020 The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited},
	issn = {2058-7546},
	url = {https://www.nature.com/articles/s41560-020-0596-7},
	doi = {10.1038/s41560-020-0596-7},
	abstract = {Ninety-five per cent of Indian households now have access to liquified petroleum gas (LPG), with 80 million acquiring it under the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) since 2016. Still, having a connection is not enough to eliminate household air pollution. Studying panel data from rural households in six major states from 2014–2015 and 2018, we assess the determinants of cooking energy transition from solid fuels to LPG. We find that PMUY beneficiaries have much lower odds of using LPG as the primary or exclusive fuel compared with general customers, irrespective of their economic status. Village-level penetration of LPG as a primary fuel and the years of LPG use positively influence its sustained use, while ease of access to freely available biomass and reliance on uncertain and irregular income sources hinder LPG use. The findings highlight the need to interlace cooking fuel policies with rural development, to enable a complete transition towards cleaner cooking fuels.},
	language = {en},
	urldate = {2020-05-26},
	journal = {Nature Energy},
	author = {Mani, Sunil and Jain, Abhishek and Tripathi, Saurabh and Gould, Carlos F.},
	month = apr,
	year = {2020},
	note = {Publisher: Nature Publishing Group},
	pages = {1--8},
	file = {Full Text PDF:C\:\\Users\\apn30\\Zotero\\storage\\RLNQCEVD\\Mani et al. - 2020 - The drivers of sustained use of liquified petroleu.pdf:application/pdf;Snapshot:C\:\\Users\\apn30\\Zotero\\storage\\NHJFSJAJ\\s41560-020-0596-7.html:text/html}
}
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