Metabolic chemotypes of CITES protected Dalbergia timbers from Africa, Madagascar, and Asia: Metabolic chemotypes of Dalbergia. McClure, P. J.; Chavarria, G. D.; and Espinoza, E. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 29(9):783--788, May, 2015.
Metabolic chemotypes of CITES protected Dalbergia timbers from Africa, Madagascar, and Asia: Metabolic chemotypes of Dalbergia [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Rationale: The genus Dalbergia includes approximately 250 species worldwide. Of these, 58 species are of economic importance and listed under CITES. Identification of illegal transnational timber trade is a challenge because logs or boards lack the typical descriptors used for species identification such as leaves and flowers; therefore, frequently the lowest taxonomic determination of these tree byproducts is genus. In this study, we explore the use of Direct Analysis in Real Time (DART) Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (TOFMS) in making species determinations of protected Dalbergia trees from Africa, Madagascar, and Asia. Methods: Metabolic profiles were collected using DART TOFMS from the heartwood of seven species and the sapwood of 17 species of Dalbergia. Also included in this study are 85 Dalbergia heartwood samples from Madagascar that were only identified to genus. In all, 21 species comprising 235 specimens were analyzed, the metabolic chemotypes were interpreted, and the spectra were analyzed using chemometric tools. Results: Dalbergia cochinchinensis and Dalbergia spp. from Madagascar (both CITES Appendix II) could be differentiated from each other and from the non-protected Dalbergia latifolia and Dalbergia melanoxylon. Conclusions: DART TOFMS is a valuable high-throughput tool useful for making phytochemical classifications of Dalbergia spp. The data produced allows the protected Dalbergias from Madagascar to be distinguished and can differentiate closely related rosewood trees. Published in 2015. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.
@article{mcclure_metabolic_2015,
	title = {Metabolic chemotypes of {CITES} protected {Dalbergia} timbers from {Africa}, {Madagascar}, and {Asia}: {Metabolic} chemotypes of {Dalbergia}},
	volume = {29},
	issn = {09514198},
	shorttitle = {Metabolic chemotypes of {CITES} protected \textit{{Dalbergia}} timbers from {Africa}, {Madagascar}, and {Asia}},
	url = {http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/rcm.7163},
	doi = {10.1002/rcm.7163},
	abstract = {Rationale: The genus Dalbergia includes approximately 250 species worldwide. Of these, 58 species are of economic importance and listed under CITES. Identification of illegal transnational timber trade is a challenge because logs or boards lack the typical descriptors used for species identification such as leaves and flowers; therefore, frequently the lowest taxonomic determination of these tree byproducts is genus. In this study, we explore the use of Direct Analysis in Real Time (DART) Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (TOFMS) in making species determinations of protected Dalbergia trees from Africa, Madagascar, and Asia. Methods: Metabolic profiles were collected using DART TOFMS from the heartwood of seven species and the sapwood of 17 species of Dalbergia. Also included in this study are 85 Dalbergia heartwood samples from Madagascar that were only identified to genus. In all, 21 species comprising 235 specimens were analyzed, the metabolic chemotypes were interpreted, and the spectra were analyzed using chemometric tools. Results: Dalbergia cochinchinensis and Dalbergia spp. from Madagascar (both CITES Appendix II) could be differentiated from each other and from the non-protected Dalbergia latifolia and Dalbergia melanoxylon. Conclusions: DART TOFMS is a valuable high-throughput tool useful for making phytochemical classifications of Dalbergia spp. The data produced allows the protected Dalbergias from Madagascar to be distinguished and can differentiate closely related rosewood trees. Published in 2015. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.},
	language = {en},
	number = {9},
	urldate = {2016-01-29TZ},
	journal = {Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry},
	author = {McClure, Pamela J. and Chavarria, Gabriela D. and Espinoza, Edgard},
	month = may,
	year = {2015},
	pages = {783--788}
}
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