A High Throughput Ambient Mass Spectrometric Approach to Species Identification and Classification from Chemical Fingerprint Signatures. Musah, R. A.; Espinoza, E. O.; Cody, R. B.; Lesiak, A. D.; Christensen, E. D.; Moore, H. E.; Maleknia, S.; and Drijfhout, F. P. Scientific Reports, 5:11520, July, 2015.
A High Throughput Ambient Mass Spectrometric Approach to Species Identification and Classification from Chemical Fingerprint Signatures [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
A high throughput method for species identification and classification through chemometric processing of direct analysis in real time (DART) mass spectrometry-derived fingerprint signatures has been developed. The method entails introduction of samples to the open air space between the DART ion source and the mass spectrometer inlet, with the entire observed mass spectral fingerprint subjected to unsupervised hierarchical clustering processing. A range of both polar and non-polar chemotypes are instantaneously detected. The result is identification and species level classification based on the entire DART-MS spectrum. Here, we illustrate how the method can be used to: (1) distinguish between endangered woods regulated by the Convention for the International Trade of Endangered Flora and Fauna (CITES) treaty; (2) assess the origin and by extension the properties of biodiesel feedstocks; (3) determine insect species from analysis of puparial casings; (4) distinguish between psychoactive plants products; and (5) differentiate between Eucalyptus species. An advantage of the hierarchical clustering approach to processing of the DART-MS derived fingerprint is that it shows both similarities and differences between species based on their chemotypes. Furthermore, full knowledge of the identities of the constituents contained within the small molecule profile of analyzed samples is not required.
@article{musah_high_2015,
	title = {A {High} {Throughput} {Ambient} {Mass} {Spectrometric} {Approach} to {Species} {Identification} and {Classification} from {Chemical} {Fingerprint} {Signatures}},
	volume = {5},
	issn = {2045-2322},
	url = {http://www.nature.com/articles/srep11520},
	doi = {10.1038/srep11520},
	abstract = {A high throughput method for species identification and classification through chemometric processing of direct analysis in real time (DART) mass spectrometry-derived fingerprint signatures has been developed. The method entails introduction of samples to the open air space between the DART ion source and the mass spectrometer inlet, with the entire observed mass spectral fingerprint subjected to unsupervised hierarchical clustering processing. A range of both polar and non-polar chemotypes are instantaneously detected. The result is identification and species level classification based on the entire DART-MS spectrum. Here, we illustrate how the method can be used to: (1) distinguish between endangered woods regulated by the Convention for the International Trade of Endangered Flora and Fauna (CITES) treaty; (2) assess the origin and by extension the properties of biodiesel feedstocks; (3) determine insect species from analysis of puparial casings; (4) distinguish between psychoactive plants products; and (5) differentiate between Eucalyptus species. An advantage of the hierarchical clustering approach to processing of the DART-MS derived fingerprint is that it shows both similarities and differences between species based on their chemotypes. Furthermore, full knowledge of the identities of the constituents contained within the small molecule profile of analyzed samples is not required.},
	urldate = {2016-01-28TZ},
	journal = {Scientific Reports},
	author = {Musah, Rabi A. and Espinoza, Edgard O. and Cody, Robert B. and Lesiak, Ashton D. and Christensen, Earl D. and Moore, Hannah E. and Maleknia, Simin and Drijfhout, Falko P.},
	month = jul,
	year = {2015},
	pages = {11520}
}
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