3T MR imaging of the musculoskeletal system (Part II): clinical applications. Ramnath, R R. Magnetic resonance imaging clinics of North America, 14(1):41--62, February, 2006. 00063
doi  abstract   bibtex   
The gain in SNR that is afforded by 3T MR imaging systems has tremendous clinical applications in the musculoskeletal system. The potential for demonstrating and enhancing the visibility of normal osseous, tendinous, cartilaginous, and ligamentous structures is exciting. Furthermore, harnessing this added signal to increase spatial resolution may improve our diagnostic abilities in various joints dramatically. Radiologists have enjoyed great success in assessing joint disease with current MR imaging field strengths; however, many intrinsic joint structures remain poorly evaluated, which leads to a golden opportunity for 3T MR imaging. The articular cartilage of the knee, the glenoid labrum of the shoulder, the intrinsic ligaments and TFC of the wrist, the collateral ligaments of the elbow, the labrum and articular cartilage of the hip, and the collateral ligaments of the ankle have been evaluated suboptimally on 1 .5T systems using routine nonarthrographic MR images. Because of the enhanced SNR, the higher spatial resolution, and the greater CNR of intrinsic joint structures at higher field strengths, 3T MR imaging has the potential to improve diagnostic abilities in the musculoskeletal system vastly, which translates into better patient care and management. The author's 2 years of clinical experience with musculoskeletal MR imaging on 3T systems has met and exceeded his expectations, and has bolstered the confidence of his orthopedic surgeons in his diagnoses. As coil technology advances and as the use of parallel imaging becomes more available in the extremities, the author expects to see even more dramatic improvements in image quality.
@article{ramnath_3t_2006,
	title = {3T {MR} imaging of the musculoskeletal system ({Part} {II}): clinical applications},
	volume = {14},
	issn = {1064-9689},
	shorttitle = {3T {MR} imaging of the musculoskeletal system ({Part} {II})},
	doi = {10.1016/j.mric.2006.01.003},
	abstract = {The gain in SNR that is afforded by 3T MR imaging systems has tremendous clinical applications in the musculoskeletal system. The potential for demonstrating and enhancing the visibility of normal osseous, tendinous, cartilaginous, and ligamentous structures is exciting. Furthermore, harnessing this added signal to increase spatial resolution may improve our diagnostic abilities in various joints dramatically. Radiologists have enjoyed great success in assessing joint disease with current MR imaging field strengths; however, many intrinsic joint structures remain poorly evaluated, which leads to a golden opportunity for 3T MR imaging. The articular cartilage of the knee, the glenoid labrum of the shoulder, the intrinsic ligaments and TFC of the wrist, the collateral ligaments of the elbow, the labrum and articular cartilage of the hip, and the collateral ligaments of the ankle have been evaluated suboptimally on 1 .5T systems using routine nonarthrographic MR images. Because of the enhanced SNR, the higher spatial resolution, and the greater CNR of intrinsic joint structures at higher field strengths, 3T MR imaging has the potential to improve diagnostic abilities in the musculoskeletal system vastly, which translates into better patient care and management. The author's 2 years of clinical experience with musculoskeletal MR imaging on 3T systems has met and exceeded his expectations, and has bolstered the confidence of his orthopedic surgeons in his diagnoses. As coil technology advances and as the use of parallel imaging becomes more available in the extremities, the author expects to see even more dramatic improvements in image quality.},
	number = {1},
	journal = {Magnetic resonance imaging clinics of North America},
	author = {Ramnath, R Richard},
	month = feb,
	year = {2006},
	pmid = {16530634},
	note = {00063 },
	keywords = {Humans, Image Enhancement, Image Processing, Computer-Assisted, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Musculoskeletal Diseases},
	pages = {41--62}
}
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