Toward a Physically Based Gravity Wave Source Parameterization in a General Circulation Model. Richter, J. H., Sassi, F., & Garcia, R. R. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 67(1):136--156, American Meteorological Society, 2015/09/22, 2010.
Toward a Physically Based Gravity Wave Source Parameterization in a General Circulation Model [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Abstract Middle atmospheric general circulation models (GCMs) must employ a parameterization for small-scale gravity waves (GWs). Such parameterizations typically make very simple assumptions about gravity wave sources, such as uniform distribution in space and time or an arbitrarily specified GW source function. The authors present a configuration of the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM) that replaces the arbitrarily specified GW source spectrum with GW source parameterizations. For the nonorographic wave sources, a frontal system and convective GW source parameterization are used. These parameterizations link GW generation to tropospheric quantities calculated by the GCM and provide a model-consistent GW representation. With the new GW source parameterization, a reasonable middle atmospheric circulation can be obtained and the middle atmospheric circulation is better in several respects than that generated by a typical GW source specification. In particular, the interannual NH stratospheric variability is significantly improved as a result of the source-oriented GW parameterization. It is also shown that the addition of a parameterization to estimate mountain stress due to unresolved orography has a large effect on the frequency of stratospheric sudden warmings in the NH stratosphere by changing the propagation of stationary planetary waves into the polar vortex.
@article{Richter:2010,
	Abstract = {Abstract Middle atmospheric general circulation models (GCMs) must employ a parameterization for small-scale gravity waves (GWs). Such parameterizations typically make very simple assumptions about gravity wave sources, such as uniform distribution in space and time or an arbitrarily specified GW source function. The authors present a configuration of the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM) that replaces the arbitrarily specified GW source spectrum with GW source parameterizations. For the nonorographic wave sources, a frontal system and convective GW source parameterization are used. These parameterizations link GW generation to tropospheric quantities calculated by the GCM and provide a model-consistent GW representation. With the new GW source parameterization, a reasonable middle atmospheric circulation can be obtained and the middle atmospheric circulation is better in several respects than that generated by a typical GW source specification. In particular, the interannual NH stratospheric variability is significantly improved as a result of the source-oriented GW parameterization. It is also shown that the addition of a parameterization to estimate mountain stress due to unresolved orography has a large effect on the frequency of stratospheric sudden warmings in the NH stratosphere by changing the propagation of stationary planetary waves into the polar vortex.},
	Annote = {doi: 10.1175/2009JAS3112.1},
	Author = {Richter, Jadwiga H. and Sassi, Fabrizio and Garcia, Rolando R.},
	Booktitle = {Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences},
	Da = {2010/01/01},
	Date = {2010/01/01},
	Date-Added = {2015-09-22 19:54:53 +0000},
	Date-Modified = {2015-09-22 19:54:59 +0000},
	Doi = {10.1175/2009JAS3112.1},
	Isbn = {0022-4928},
	Journal = {Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences},
	Journal1 = {J. Atmos. Sci.},
	Keywords = {TMS},
	M3 = {doi: 10.1175/2009JAS3112.1},
	Month = {2015/09/22},
	N2 = {Abstract Middle atmospheric general circulation models (GCMs) must employ a parameterization for small-scale gravity waves (GWs). Such parameterizations typically make very simple assumptions about gravity wave sources, such as uniform distribution in space and time or an arbitrarily specified GW source function. The authors present a configuration of the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM) that replaces the arbitrarily specified GW source spectrum with GW source parameterizations. For the nonorographic wave sources, a frontal system and convective GW source parameterization are used. These parameterizations link GW generation to tropospheric quantities calculated by the GCM and provide a model-consistent GW representation. With the new GW source parameterization, a reasonable middle atmospheric circulation can be obtained and the middle atmospheric circulation is better in several respects than that generated by a typical GW source specification. In particular, the interannual NH stratospheric variability is significantly improved as a result of the source-oriented GW parameterization. It is also shown that the addition of a parameterization to estimate mountain stress due to unresolved orography has a large effect on the frequency of stratospheric sudden warmings in the NH stratosphere by changing the propagation of stationary planetary waves into the polar vortex.},
	Number = {1},
	Pages = {136--156},
	Publisher = {American Meteorological Society},
	Title = {Toward a Physically Based Gravity Wave Source Parameterization in a General Circulation Model},
	Ty = {JOUR},
	Url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2009JAS3112.1},
	Volume = {67},
	Year = {2010},
	Year1 = {2010},
	Bdsk-Url-1 = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2009JAS3112.1}}

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