The hybrid modulatory/pattern generating N1L interneuron in the buccal feeding system of Lymnaea is cholinergic. Vehovszky, à. & Elliott, C. J. Invertebrate Neuroscience, 1(1):67–74, Springer, 1995.
The hybrid modulatory/pattern generating N1L interneuron in the buccal feeding system of Lymnaea is cholinergic [pdf]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
This study examines neurotransmission between identified buccal interneurons in the feeding system of the snail Lymnaea stagnalis. We compare the pharmacology of the individual synaptic connections from a hybrid modulatory/pattern generating interneuron (N1L) to a pattern generating interneuron (N1M) with that from a modulatory interneuron (SO) to the same follower cell (N1M). The pharmacological properties of the N1L to N1M and the SO to N1M connections closely resemble each other. Both interneurons produce fast cholinergic EPSPs as judged by the blocking effects of cholinergic antagonists hexamethonium, d-tubocurarine and the cholinergic neurotoxin AF-64A. A slower, more complex but non-cholinergic component of the synaptic response is also present after stimulating either the presynaptic N1L or SO interneurons. This second component of the postsynaptic response is not dopaminergic, on the basis of its persistence in the presence of dopaminergic antagonists ergometrine and fluphenazine and the dopaminergic neurotoxin MPP+. We conclude that, although there has been an evolutionary divergence in function, the modulatory SO and the hybrid modulatory/pattern generating N1L are pharmacologically similar. Neither of them contributes directly to dopaminergic modulation of the feeding activity. These neurons also resemble the N1M protraction phase pattern generating neurons which are cholinergic (Elliott and Kemenes, 1992). \textcopyright 1995 Sheffield Academic Press.
@article{pop00270,
abstract = {This study examines neurotransmission between identified buccal interneurons in the feeding system of the snail Lymnaea stagnalis. We compare the pharmacology of the individual synaptic connections from a hybrid modulatory/pattern generating interneuron (N1L) to a pattern generating interneuron (N1M) with that from a modulatory interneuron (SO) to the same follower cell (N1M). The pharmacological properties of the N1L to N1M and the SO to N1M connections closely resemble each other. Both interneurons produce fast cholinergic EPSPs as judged by the blocking effects of cholinergic antagonists hexamethonium, d-tubocurarine and the cholinergic neurotoxin AF-64A. A slower, more complex but non-cholinergic component of the synaptic response is also present after stimulating either the presynaptic N1L or SO interneurons. This second component of the postsynaptic response is not dopaminergic, on the basis of its persistence in the presence of dopaminergic antagonists ergometrine and fluphenazine and the dopaminergic neurotoxin MPP+. We conclude that, although there has been an evolutionary divergence in function, the modulatory SO and the hybrid modulatory/pattern generating N1L are pharmacologically similar. Neither of them contributes directly to dopaminergic modulation of the feeding activity. These neurons also resemble the N1M protraction phase pattern generating neurons which are cholinergic (Elliott and Kemenes, 1992). {\textcopyright} 1995 Sheffield Academic Press.},
annote = {Query date: 2020-06-29 13:05:30},
author = {Vehovszky, {\`{a}}gnes and Elliott, Christopher J.H.},
doi = {10.1007/BF02331833},
issn = {13542516},
journal = {Invertebrate Neuroscience},
keywords = {Lymnaea,acetylcholine,dopamine,feeding interneurons,pharmacology,synaptic connections},
number = {1},
pages = {67--74},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{The hybrid modulatory/pattern generating N1L interneuron in the buccal feeding system of Lymnaea is cholinergic}},
type = {PDF},
url = {https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/BF02331833.pdf},
volume = {1},
year = {1995}
}
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