John McCarthy (September 4, 1927 – October 24, 2011) was an American and . McCarthy was one of the founders of the discipline of . He coined the term "" (AI), developed the family, significantly influenced the design of the programming language, popularized , invented , and was very influential in the early development of AI. McCarthy spent most of his career at . He received many accolades and honors, such as the 1971 for his contributions to the topic of AI, the United States , and the .