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  2022 (6)
Scalar Field Prediction On Topologically-varying Graphs Using Spectral Shape Encoding. Ferguson, K.; Hardin, J.; Gillman, A.; and Kara, L. B. In ASME 2022 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering and Conference, 2022. American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Scalar Field Prediction On Topologically-varying Graphs Using Spectral Shape Encoding [pdf] paper   link   bibtex  
Concurrent Build Direction, Part Segmentation, And Topology Optimization For Additive Manufacturing Using Neural Networks. Chen, H.; Whitefoot, K. S.; and Kara, L. B. In ASME 2022 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering and Conference, 2022. American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Concurrent Build Direction, Part Segmentation, And Topology Optimization For Additive Manufacturing Using Neural Networks [pdf] paper   link   bibtex  
Automatic Power Plane Generation With Genetic Optimization And Multilayer Perceptron. Liao, H.; Patil, V.; Dong, X.; Shanbhag, D.; Fallon, E.; Hogan, T.; Spasojevic, M.; and Kara, L. B. In ASME 2022 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering and Conference, 2022. American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Automatic Power Plane Generation With Genetic Optimization And Multilayer Perceptron [pdf] paper   link   bibtex  
Data Augmentation Of Engineering Drawings For Data-driven Component Segmentation. Zhang, W.; Chen, Q.; Koz, C.; Xie, L.; Regmi, A.; Yamakawa, S.; Furuhata, T.; Shimada, K.; and Kara, L. B. In ASME 2022 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering and Conference, 2022. American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Data Augmentation Of Engineering Drawings For Data-driven Component Segmentation [pdf] paper   link   bibtex  
Graph Neural Network-Enabled Manufacturing Method Classification from Engineering Drawings. Xie, L.; Lu, Y.; Furuhata, T.; Yamakawa, S.; Zhang, W.; Regmi, A.; Kara, L. B.; and Shimada, K. Computers in Industry, 142: 103697. 2022.
Graph Neural Network-Enabled Manufacturing Method Classification from Engineering Drawings [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Property Optimization of Multifunctional Materials with Complex Parameter Spaces. Ferguson, K.; Abdullah, A.; Harper, E.; Kara, L. B.; Bockstaller, M.; and Drummy, L. In First World Congress on Artificial Intelligence in Materials and Manufacturing, 2022.
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  2021 (4)
CCFD-Net: A novel deep learning model for credit card fraud detection. Liu, X.; Yan, K.; Kara, L. B.; and Nie, Z. In 2021 IEEE 22nd International Conference on Information Reuse and Integration for Data Science (IRI), pages 9-16, 2021.
CCFD-Net: A novel deep learning model for credit card fraud detection [link] paper   CCFD-Net: A novel deep learning model for credit card fraud detection [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Prediction of high frequency resistance in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells using Long Short Term Memory based model. Lin, T.; Hu, L.; Wisely, W.; Gu, X.; Cai, J.; Litster, S.; and Kara, L. B. Energy and AI, 3. 2021.
Prediction of high frequency resistance in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells using Long Short Term Memory based model [pdf] paper   Prediction of high frequency resistance in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells using Long Short Term Memory based model [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Stressgan: A Generative Deep Learning Model For 2D Stress Distribution Prediction. Jiang, H.; Nie, Z.; Yeo, R.; Barati Farimani, A.; and Kara, L. B. Journal of Applied Mechanics, 88(5). 2021.
Stressgan: A Generative Deep Learning Model For 2D Stress Distribution Prediction [pdf] paper   Stressgan: A Generative Deep Learning Model For 2D Stress Distribution Prediction [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Topologygan: Topology Optimization Using Generative Adversarial Networks Based On Physical Fields Over The Initial Domain. Nie, Z.; Lin, T.; Jiang, H.; and Kara, L. B. Journal of Mechanical Design, 143(3). 2021.
Topologygan: Topology Optimization Using Generative Adversarial Networks Based On Physical Fields Over The Initial Domain [pdf] paper   Topologygan: Topology Optimization Using Generative Adversarial Networks Based On Physical Fields Over The Initial Domain [link] doi   link   bibtex  
  2020 (13)
Track-Assignment Detailed Routing Using Attention-based Policy Model With Supervision. Liao, H.; Dong, Q.; Qi, W.; Fallon, E.; and Kara, L. B. In 2nd ACM/IEEE Workshop on Machine Learning for CAD (MLCAD), 2020. ACM, IEEE
Track-Assignment Detailed Routing Using Attention-based Policy Model With Supervision [pdf] paper   link   bibtex  
Prediction of High Frequency Resistance in Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells Using Long Short Term Memory Based Model. Lin, T.; Hu, L.; Wisely, W.; Gu, X.; Cai, J.; Litster, S.; and Kara, L. B. In Machine Learning for Engineering Modeling, Simulation, and Design Workshop at Neural Information Processing Systems 2020, 2020. NeurIPS
Prediction of High Frequency Resistance in Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells Using Long Short Term Memory Based Model [pdf] paper   Prediction of High Frequency Resistance in Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells Using Long Short Term Memory Based Model [pdf] poster   link   bibtex  
Real-time Prediction of Soft Tissue Deformations Using Data-driven Nonlinear Presurgical Simulations. Liu, H.; Han, Y.; Emerson, D.; Majditehran, H.; Wang, Q.; Rabin, Y.; and Kara, L. B. In Machine Learning for Engineering Modeling, Simulation, and Design Workshop at Neural Information Processing Systems 2020, 2020. NeurIPS
Real-time Prediction of Soft Tissue Deformations Using Data-driven Nonlinear Presurgical Simulations [pdf] paper   Real-time Prediction of Soft Tissue Deformations Using Data-driven Nonlinear Presurgical Simulations [pdf] poster   Real-time Prediction of Soft Tissue Deformations Using Data-driven Nonlinear Presurgical Simulations [link] video   link   bibtex  
Placement in Integrated Circuits using Cyclic Reinforcement Learning and Simulated Annealing. Vashisht, D.; Rampal, H.; Liao, H.; Lu, Y.; Shanbhag, D.; Fallon, E.; and Kara, L. B. In Machine Learning for Engineering Modeling, Simulation, and Design Workshop at Neural Information Processing Systems 2020, 2020. NeurIPS
Placement in Integrated Circuits using Cyclic Reinforcement Learning and Simulated Annealing [pdf] paper   Placement in Integrated Circuits using Cyclic Reinforcement Learning and Simulated Annealing [pdf] poster   link   bibtex  
Flaw Detection in Metal Additive Manufacturing Using Deep Learned Acoustic Features. Zhang, W.; Hanson-Regalado, J.; Koz, C.; Duvvuri, B.; Beuth, J.; Shimada, K.; and Kara, L. B. In Machine Learning for Engineering Modeling, Simulation, and Design Workshop at Neural Information Processing Systems 2020, 2020. NeurIPS
Flaw Detection in Metal Additive Manufacturing Using Deep Learned Acoustic Features [pdf] paper   Flaw Detection in Metal Additive Manufacturing Using Deep Learned Acoustic Features [pdf] poster   link   bibtex  
Topologygan: Topology Optimization Using Generative Adversarial Networks Based On Physical Fields Over The Initial Domain. Nie, Z.; Lin, T.; Jiang, H.; and Kara, L. B. In ASME 2020 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering and Conference, 2020. American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Topologygan: Topology Optimization Using Generative Adversarial Networks Based On Physical Fields Over The Initial Domain [pdf] paper   Topologygan: Topology Optimization Using Generative Adversarial Networks Based On Physical Fields Over The Initial Domain [link] arxiv   link   bibtex  
Stressgan: A Generative Deep Learning Model For 2D Stress Distribution Prediction. Jiang, H.; Nie, Z.; Yeo, R.; Barati Farimani, A.; and Kara, L. B. In ASME 2020 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering and Conference, 2020. American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Stressgan: A Generative Deep Learning Model For 2D Stress Distribution Prediction [pdf] paper   link   bibtex  
Attention Routing: Track-assignment Detailed Routing Using Attention-based Reinforcement Learning. Liao, H.; Dong, Q.; Dong, X.; Zhang, W.; Zhang, W.; Qi, W.; Fallon, E.; and Kara, L. B. In ASME 2020 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering and Conference, 2020. American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Attention Routing: Track-assignment Detailed Routing Using Attention-based Reinforcement Learning [pdf] paper   Attention Routing: Track-assignment Detailed Routing Using Attention-based Reinforcement Learning [link] arxiv   Attention Routing: Track-assignment Detailed Routing Using Attention-based Reinforcement Learning [link] video   link   bibtex  
Sensitivity of Growth Pattern in Patch Reconstructed Arteries With Respect to Material Properties and Shape of Patch. Lashkarinia, S. S.; Han, Y.; Upadhyay, V.; Coban, G.; Kose, B.; Salihoglu, E.; Kara, L. B.; and Pekkan, K. In Virtual Physiological Human Conference 2020, 2020. Virtual Physiological Human Institute for Integrative Biomedical Research
Sensitivity of Growth Pattern in Patch Reconstructed Arteries With Respect to Material Properties and Shape of Patch [pdf] paper   link   bibtex  
Machine Learning Enabled Acoustic Monitoring for Flaw Type Detection in Laser Powder Bed Additive Manufacturing. Abranovic, B.; Zhang, W.; Liao, H.; Beuth, J.; Kara, L. B.; and Dong, Q. In Materials Science & Technology 2020 Symposium on Machine Learning for Discovery of Structure-Process-Property Relations in Electronic Materials, 2020. Materials Science & Technology
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Fast and Generalizable Detailed Router Using Attention-based Reinforcement Learning. Liao, H.; Dong, Q.; Dong, X.; Zhang, W.; Zhang, W.; Qi, W.; Fallon, E.; and Kara, L. B. In Materials Science & Technology 2020 Symposium on Machine Learning for Discovery of Structure-Process-Property Relations in Electronic Materials, 2020. Materials Science & Technology
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Soft Tissue Deformation Tracking by Means of an Optimized Fiducial Marker Layout with Application to Cancer Tumors. Han, Y.; Rabin, Y.; and Kara, L. B. International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery, 15(2): 225-237. 2020.
Soft Tissue Deformation Tracking by Means of an Optimized Fiducial Marker Layout with Application to Cancer Tumors [pdf] paper   Soft Tissue Deformation Tracking by Means of an Optimized Fiducial Marker Layout with Application to Cancer Tumors [link] doi   link   bibtex  
A Deep Reinforcement Learning Approach For Global Routing. Liao, H.; Zhang, W.; Dong, X.; Poczos, B.; Shimada, K.; and Kara, L. B. Journal of Mechanical Design, 142(6). 2020.
A Deep Reinforcement Learning Approach For Global Routing [pdf] paper   A Deep Reinforcement Learning Approach For Global Routing [link] doi   link   bibtex  
  2019 (11)
Optimization of Part Consolidation for Minimum Production Costs and Time Using Additive Manufacturing. Nie, Z.; Jung, S.; Kara, L. B.; and Whitefoot, K. S. Journal of Mechanical Design, 142(7). 2019.
Optimization of Part Consolidation for Minimum Production Costs and Time Using Additive Manufacturing [pdf] paper   Optimization of Part Consolidation for Minimum Production Costs and Time Using Additive Manufacturing [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Structural Design Using Laplacian Shells. Ulu, E.; McCann, J.; and Kara, L. B. Computer Graphics Forum (In Symposium on Geometry Processing (SGP) 2019), 38(5). 2019.
Structural Design Using Laplacian Shells [pdf] paper   Structural Design Using Laplacian Shells [link] doi   Structural Design Using Laplacian Shells [link] video   link   bibtex  
Stress Field Prediction in Cantilevered Structures Using Convolutional Neural Networks. Nie, Z.; Jiang, H.; and Kara, L. B. Journal of Computing and Information Science in Engineering, 20(1). 2019.
Stress Field Prediction in Cantilevered Structures Using Convolutional Neural Networks [pdf] paper   Stress Field Prediction in Cantilevered Structures Using Convolutional Neural Networks [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Stress Field Prediction in Cantilevered Structures Using Convolutional Neural Networks. Nie, Z.; Jiang, H.; and Kara, L. B. In ASME 2019 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering and Conference, 2019. American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Stress Field Prediction in Cantilevered Structures Using Convolutional Neural Networks [pdf] paper   link   bibtex  
3D Shape Synthesis for Conceptual Design and Optimization Using Variational Autoencoders. Zhang, W.; Yang, Z.; Jiang, H.; Nigam, S.; Yamakawa, S.; Furuhata, T.; Shimada, K.; and Kara, L. B. In ASME 2019 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering and Conference, 2019. American Society of Mechanical Engineers
3D Shape Synthesis for Conceptual Design and Optimization Using Variational Autoencoders [pdf] paper   link   bibtex  
Optimization of Parts Consolidation for Minimum Production Costs and Time Using Additive Manufacturing. Nie, Z.; Jung, S.; Kara, L. B.; and Whitefoot, K. In ASME 2019 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering and Conference, 2019. American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Optimization of Parts Consolidation for Minimum Production Costs and Time Using Additive Manufacturing [pdf] paper   link   bibtex  
Prediction of Nitrogen Concentration In Fuel Cells Using Data-driven Modeling. Lin, T.; Hu, L.; Litster, S.; and Kara, L. B. In ASME 2019 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering and Conference, 2019. American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Prediction of Nitrogen Concentration In Fuel Cells Using Data-driven Modeling [pdf] paper   link   bibtex  
Data-driven Upsampling of Point Clouds. Zhang, W.; Jiang, H.; Yang, Z.; Yamakawa, S.; Shimada, K.; and Kara, L. B. Computer-Aided Design, 112: 1–13. 2019.
Data-driven Upsampling of Point Clouds [pdf] paper   Data-driven Upsampling of Point Clouds [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Wisdom of Micro-Crowds in Evaluating Solutions to Esoteric Engineering Problems. Ulu, N. G.; Messersmith, M.; Goucher-Lambert, K.; Cagan, J.; and Kara, L. B. Journal of Mechanical Design, 141(8). 2019.
Wisdom of Micro-Crowds in Evaluating Solutions to Esoteric Engineering Problems [pdf] paper   Wisdom of Micro-Crowds in Evaluating Solutions to Esoteric Engineering Problems [link] doi   link   bibtex  
High Degree of Freedom Hand Pose Tracking Using Limited Strain Sensing and Optical Training. Zhang, W.; Yu, J. Z.; Zhu, F.; Zhu, Y.; Yang, Z.; Ulu, N. G.; Arisoy, B.; and Kara, L. B. Journal of Computing and Information Science in Engineering, 19. 2019.
High Degree of Freedom Hand Pose Tracking Using Limited Strain Sensing and Optical Training [pdf] paper   link   bibtex  
Development of a general calibration model and long-term performance evaluation of low-cost sensors for air pollutant gas monitoring. Malings, C.; Tanzer, R.; Hauryliuk, A.; Kumar, S. P. N.; Zimmerman, N.; Kara, L. B.; Presto, A. A.; and Subramanian, R. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 12(2): 903–920. 2019.
Development of a general calibration model and long-term performance evaluation of low-cost sensors for air pollutant gas monitoring [pdf] paper   Development of a general calibration model and long-term performance evaluation of low-cost sensors for air pollutant gas monitoring [link] doi   link   bibtex  
  2018 (9)
Concurrent Structure and Process Optimization for Minimum Cost Metal Additive Manufacturing. Ulu, E.; Huang, R.; Kara, L. B.; and Whitefoot, K. S. Journal of Mechanical Design, 141(6). 2018.
Concurrent Structure and Process Optimization for Minimum Cost Metal Additive Manufacturing [pdf] paper   Concurrent Structure and Process Optimization for Minimum Cost Metal Additive Manufacturing [link] doi   link   bibtex  
4DMesh: 4D Printing Morphing Non-Developable Mesh Surfaces. Wang, G.; Yang, H.; Yan, Z.; Gecer Ulu, N.; Tao, Y.; Gu, J.; Kara, L. B.; and Yao, L. In Proceedings of the 31st Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology, of UIST '18, pages 623–635, New York, NY, USA, 2018. ACM
4DMesh: 4D Printing Morphing Non-Developable Mesh Surfaces [pdf] paper   4DMesh: 4D Printing Morphing Non-Developable Mesh Surfaces [link] doi   4DMesh: 4D Printing Morphing Non-Developable Mesh Surfaces [link] video   link   bibtex  
Efficient Load Sampling for Worst-Case Structural Analysis Under Force Location Uncertainty. Wang, Y.; Ulu, E.; Singh, A.; and Kara, L. B. In ASME 2018 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering and Conference, 2018. American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Efficient Load Sampling for Worst-Case Structural Analysis Under Force Location Uncertainty [pdf] paper   Efficient Load Sampling for Worst-Case Structural Analysis Under Force Location Uncertainty [link] doi   link   bibtex  
High Degree of Freedom Hand Pose Tracking Using Limited Strain Sensing and Optical Training. Zhang, W.; Yu, J. Z.; Zhu, F.; Zhu, Y.; Ulu, N. G.; Arisoy, B.; and Kara, L. B. In ASME 2018 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, 2018. American Society of Mechanical Engineers
High Degree of Freedom Hand Pose Tracking Using Limited Strain Sensing and Optical Training [pdf] paper   High Degree of Freedom Hand Pose Tracking Using Limited Strain Sensing and Optical Training [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Designing coupling behaviors using compliant shape optimization. Uu, N. G.; Coros, S.; and Kara, L. B. Computer-Aided Design, 101: 57–71. 2018.
Designing coupling behaviors using compliant shape optimization [pdf] paper   Designing coupling behaviors using compliant shape optimization [link] doi   Designing coupling behaviors using compliant shape optimization [link] video   link   bibtex  
Reconstruction of a Deformed Tumor Based on Fiducial Marker Registration: A Computational Feasibility Study. Han, Y.; Oakley, E.; Shafirstein, G.; Rabin, Y.; and Kara, L. B. Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment, 17: 1533034618766792. 2018. PMID: 29658392
Reconstruction of a Deformed Tumor Based on Fiducial Marker Registration: A Computational Feasibility Study [pdf] paper   Reconstruction of a Deformed Tumor Based on Fiducial Marker Registration: A Computational Feasibility Study [link] doi   link   bibtex  
A Computational Framework to Optimize Fiducial Marker Placement to Account for Intraoperative Tissue Deformation. Han, Y.; Rabin, Y.; and Kara, L. B. In Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA, USA, 2018.
A Computational Framework to Optimize Fiducial Marker Placement to Account for Intraoperative Tissue Deformation [pdf] paper   A Computational Framework to Optimize Fiducial Marker Placement to Account for Intraoperative Tissue Deformation [pdf] poster   A Computational Framework to Optimize Fiducial Marker Placement to Account for Intraoperative Tissue Deformation [pdf] doi   link   bibtex  
A Machine Learning Approach for Intraoperative Reconstruction of Soft Tissue. Han, Y.; Wang, Q.; Rabin, Y.; and Kara, L. B. In ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, 2018.
A Machine Learning Approach for Intraoperative Reconstruction of Soft Tissue [pdf] paper   A Machine Learning Approach for Intraoperative Reconstruction of Soft Tissue [pdf] doi   link   bibtex  
A Computational Framework to Optimize Fiducial Marker Layout for Tracking Tumor Deformation. Han, Y.; Rabin, Y.; and Kara, L. B. In 44th Northeast Bioengineering Conference, Philadelphia, PA, USA, 2018.
A Computational Framework to Optimize Fiducial Marker Layout for Tracking Tumor Deformation [pdf] paper   A Computational Framework to Optimize Fiducial Marker Layout for Tracking Tumor Deformation [pdf] doi   link   bibtex  
  2017 (3)
Lightweight Structure Design Under Force Location Uncertainty. Ulu, E.; McCann, J.; and Kara, L. B. ACM Transactions on Graphics (Proceedings of SIGGRAPH 2017), 36(4): 158:1–158:13. 2017.
Lightweight Structure Design Under Force Location Uncertainty [pdf] paper   Lightweight Structure Design Under Force Location Uncertainty [link] doi   Lightweight Structure Design Under Force Location Uncertainty [link] video   link   bibtex  
Cost Minimization In Metal Additive Manufacturing Using Concurrent Structure And Process Optimization. Huang, R.; Ulu, E.; Kara, L. B.; and Whitefoot, K. S. In ASME 2017 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering and Conference, 2017. American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Cost Minimization In Metal Additive Manufacturing Using Concurrent Structure And Process Optimization [pdf] paper   Cost Minimization In Metal Additive Manufacturing Using Concurrent Structure And Process Optimization [link] doi   link   bibtex  
A Computational Case Study for the Treatment of Head-and-Neck Tumor Using Interstitial Photodynamic Therapy. Han, Y.; Oakley, E.; Shafirstein, G.; Rabin, Y.; and Kara, L. B. In 5th International Conference on Computational and Mathematical Biomedical Engineering, CMBE 2017 Proceedings, volume 1, pages 562–565, Pittsburgh, USA, 2017.
A Computational Case Study for the Treatment of Head-and-Neck Tumor Using Interstitial Photodynamic Therapy [pdf] paper   A Computational Case Study for the Treatment of Head-and-Neck Tumor Using Interstitial Photodynamic Therapy [link] doi   link   bibtex  
  2016 (3)
Reconstruction of a deformed tumor for treatment planning of interstitial photodynamic therapy: A computational feasibility study. Ye Han, E. O.; and Gal Shafirstein, Y. R. In The 14th International Symposium Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, Tel Aviv, Israel, 2016.
Reconstruction of a deformed tumor for treatment planning of interstitial photodynamic therapy: A computational feasibility study [pdf] paper   link   bibtex  
Providing Formative Assessment to Students Solving Multi-path Engineering Problems with Complex Arrangements of Interacting Parts: An Intelligent Tutor Approach. Steif, P. S.; Fu, L.; and Kara, L. B. Interactive Learning Environments, 24(8): 1864–1880. 2016.
Providing Formative Assessment to Students Solving Multi-path Engineering Problems with Complex Arrangements of Interacting Parts: An Intelligent Tutor Approach [pdf] paper   Providing Formative Assessment to Students Solving Multi-path Engineering Problems with Complex Arrangements of Interacting Parts: An Intelligent Tutor Approach [link] doi   link   bibtex  
A data-driven investigation and estimation of optimal topologies under variable loading configurations. Ulu, E.; Zhang, R.; and Kara, L. B. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering: Imaging & Visualization, 4(2): 61–72. 2016.
A data-driven investigation and estimation of optimal topologies under variable loading configurations [pdf] paper   A data-driven investigation and estimation of optimal topologies under variable loading configurations [link] doi   link   bibtex  
  2015 (8)
Generative interface structure design for supporting existing objects. Ulu, N. G.; and Kara, L. B. Journal of Visual Languages and Computing, 31, Part B: 171-183. 2015.
Generative interface structure design for supporting existing objects [pdf] paper   Generative interface structure design for supporting existing objects [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Procedural Modeling Using Autoencoder Networks. Yumer, M. E.; Asente, P.; Mech, R.; and Kara, L. B. In Proceedings of the 28th Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software Technology, of UIST '15, pages 109–118, New York, NY, USA, 2015. ACM
Procedural Modeling Using Autoencoder Networks [pdf] paper   Procedural Modeling Using Autoencoder Networks [link] doi   Procedural Modeling Using Autoencoder Networks [link] video   link   bibtex  
Semantic Shape Editing Using Deformation Handles. Yumer, M. E.; Chaudhuri, S.; Hodgins, J. K.; and Kara, L. B. ACM Transactions on Graphics (Proceedings of SIGGRAPH 2015), 34. 2015.
Semantic Shape Editing Using Deformation Handles [pdf] paper   Semantic Shape Editing Using Deformation Handles [pdf] supplemental   Semantic Shape Editing Using Deformation Handles [link] doi   Semantic Shape Editing Using Deformation Handles [link] video   link   bibtex  
Generative interface structure design for supporting existing objects. Ulu, N. G.; and Kara, L. B. Journal of Visual Languages and Computing, 31, Part B: 171-183. 2015.
Generative interface structure design for supporting existing objects [pdf] paper   Generative interface structure design for supporting existing objects [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Enhancing the Structural Performance of Additively Manufactured Objects Through Build Orientation Optimization. Ulu, E.; Korkmaz, E.; Yay, K.; Ozdoganlar, O. B.; and Kara, L. B. Journal of Mechanical Design, 137. 2015.
Enhancing the Structural Performance of Additively Manufactured Objects Through Build Orientation Optimization [pdf] paper   Enhancing the Structural Performance of Additively Manufactured Objects Through Build Orientation Optimization [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Deciphering the Influence of Product Shape on Consumer Judgments Through Geometric Abstraction. Orbay, G.; Fu, L.; and Kara, L. B. Journal of Mechanical Design, 137. 2015.
Deciphering the Influence of Product Shape on Consumer Judgments Through Geometric Abstraction [pdf] paper   Deciphering the Influence of Product Shape on Consumer Judgments Through Geometric Abstraction [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Characterizing the Performance of an Image-Based Recognizer for Planar Mechanical Linkages in Textbook Graphics and Hand-Drawn Sketches. Eicholtz, M.; and Kara, L. B. Computers & Graphics, 52: 1–17. 2015.
Characterizing the Performance of an Image-Based Recognizer for Planar Mechanical Linkages in Textbook Graphics and Hand-Drawn Sketches [pdf] paper   Characterizing the Performance of an Image-Based Recognizer for Planar Mechanical Linkages in Textbook Graphics and Hand-Drawn Sketches [link] doi   Characterizing the Performance of an Image-Based Recognizer for Planar Mechanical Linkages in Textbook Graphics and Hand-Drawn Sketches [link] video   link   bibtex  
A data-driven investigation and estimation of optimal topologies under variable loading configurations. Ulu, E.; Zhang, R.; and Kara, L. B. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering: Imaging & Visualization, 4: 61–72. 2015.
A data-driven investigation and estimation of optimal topologies under variable loading configurations [pdf] paper   A data-driven investigation and estimation of optimal topologies under variable loading configurations [link] doi   link   bibtex  
  2014 (10)
Intermodal image-based recognition of planar kinematic mechanisms. Eicholtz, M.; and Kara, L. B. Journal of Visual Languages & Computing, 27(1): 38-48. 2014.
Intermodal image-based recognition of planar kinematic mechanisms [pdf] paper   Intermodal image-based recognition of planar kinematic mechanisms [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Co-Constrained Handles for Deformation in Shape Collections. Yumer, M. E.; and Kara, L. B. ACM Transactions on Graphics (Proceedings of SIGGRAPH Asia 2014), 33: 187:1-187:11. 2014.
Co-Constrained Handles for Deformation in Shape Collections [pdf] paper   Co-Constrained Handles for Deformation in Shape Collections [pdf] supplemental   Co-Constrained Handles for Deformation in Shape Collections [link] doi   Co-Constrained Handles for Deformation in Shape Collections [link] video   link   bibtex  
Pencil-like sketch rendering of 3D scenes using trajectory planning and dynamic tracking. Orbay, G.; and Kara, L. B. Journal of Visual Languages & Computing, 25(4): 481 – 493. 2014.
Pencil-like sketch rendering of 3D scenes using trajectory planning and dynamic tracking [pdf] paper   Pencil-like sketch rendering of 3D scenes using trajectory planning and dynamic tracking [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Computer Tutors can Reduce Student Errors and Promote Solution Efficiency for Complex Engineering Problems. Steif, P. S; Eicholtz, M.; and Kara, L. B. Journal of Visual Languages & Computing, 25(6): 1021–1029. 2014.
Computer Tutors can Reduce Student Errors and Promote Solution Efficiency for Complex Engineering Problems [pdf] paper   Computer Tutors can Reduce Student Errors and Promote Solution Efficiency for Complex Engineering Problems [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Recognizing Planar Kinematic Mechanisms from a Single Image Using Evolutionary Computation. Eicholtz, M.; Kara, L. B.; and Lohn, J. In Proceedings of the 2014 Conference on Genetic and Evolutionary Computation, of GECCO '14, pages 1103–1110, New York, NY, USA, 2014. ACM
Recognizing Planar Kinematic Mechanisms from a Single Image Using Evolutionary Computation [pdf] paper   Recognizing Planar Kinematic Mechanisms from a Single Image Using Evolutionary Computation [link] doi   Recognizing Planar Kinematic Mechanisms from a Single Image Using Evolutionary Computation [link] data   link   bibtex  
Topology Preserving Digitization of Physical Prototypes Using Deformable Subdivision Models. Arisoy, E.; and Kara, L. B. In ASME 2014 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering & Conference, pages 705–715, 2014. American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Topology Preserving Digitization of Physical Prototypes Using Deformable Subdivision Models [pdf] paper   Topology Preserving Digitization of Physical Prototypes Using Deformable Subdivision Models [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Predictive Modeling for 2D Form Design. Arisoy, E.; Orbay, G.; and Kara, L. B. In Computational Modeling of Objects Presented in Images. Fundamentals, Methods, and Applications, volume 8641, of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pages 286-291, 2014. Springer International Publishing
Predictive Modeling for 2D Form Design [pdf] paper   Predictive Modeling for 2D Form Design [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Modeling flow features with user-guided streamline parameterization. Fu, L.; Kara, L. B.; and Shimada, K. Computer-Aided Design, 46(0): 263 - 268. 2014. 2013 SIAM Conference on Geometric and Physical Modeling
Modeling flow features with user-guided streamline parameterization [pdf] paper   Modeling flow features with user-guided streamline parameterization [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Development of a Cognitive Tutor for Learning Truss Analysis. Steif, P. S.; and Kara, L. B. In American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference, 2014.
Development of a Cognitive Tutor for Learning Truss Analysis [pdf] paper   Development of a Cognitive Tutor for Learning Truss Analysis [link] doi   link   bibtex  
The Potential for Computer Tutors to Assist Students Learning to Solve Complex Problems. Steif, P. S.; and Kara, L. B. In American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference, 2014.
The Potential for Computer Tutors to Assist Students Learning to Solve Complex Problems [pdf] paper   The Potential for Computer Tutors to Assist Students Learning to Solve Complex Problems [link] doi   link   bibtex  
  2013 (3)
Pencil-Like Sketch Rendering of 3D Scenes Using Trajectory Planning and Dynamic Tracking. Gunay Orbay, L. B. K. In International Workshop on Visual Languages and Computing, Seafront, United Kingdom, 2013.
Pencil-Like Sketch Rendering of 3D Scenes Using Trajectory Planning and Dynamic Tracking [pdf] paper   Pencil-Like Sketch Rendering of 3D Scenes Using Trajectory Planning and Dynamic Tracking [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Development of a Cognitive Tutor for Learning Truss Analysis. Paul S. Steif, L. F. Technical Report Department of Mechanical Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 2013.
Development of a Cognitive Tutor for Learning Truss Analysis [pdf] paper   Development of a Cognitive Tutor for Learning Truss Analysis [link] video   link   bibtex  
Shape Spirit: Deciphering Form Characteristics and Emotional Associations Through Geometric Abstraction. Gunay Orbay, L. F. In ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences/DTM, Portland, Oregon, 2013.
Shape Spirit: Deciphering Form Characteristics and Emotional Associations Through Geometric Abstraction [pdf] paper   Shape Spirit: Deciphering Form Characteristics and Emotional Associations Through Geometric Abstraction [link] doi   link   bibtex  
  2012 (9)
Co-Abstraction of Shape Collections. Yumer, M. E.; and Kara, L. B. ACM Transactions on Graphics (Proceedings of SIGGRAPH Asia 2012), 31: 166:1-166:11. 2012.
Co-Abstraction of Shape Collections [pdf] paper   Co-Abstraction of Shape Collections [pdf] supplemental   Co-Abstraction of Shape Collections [link] doi   Co-Abstraction of Shape Collections [link] video   link   bibtex  
Feature, design intention and constraint preservation for direct modeling of 3D freeform surfaces. Fu, L.; Kara, L. B.; and Shimada, K. 3D Res., 3(2): 61:1–61:18. June 2012.
Feature, design intention and constraint preservation for direct modeling of 3D freeform surfaces [pdf] paper   Feature, design intention and constraint preservation for direct modeling of 3D freeform surfaces [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Shape Design From Exemplar Sketches Using Graph-Based Sketch Analysis. Orbay, G.; and Kara, L. B. Journal of Mechanical Design, 134(11). 2012.
Shape Design From Exemplar Sketches Using Graph-Based Sketch Analysis [pdf] paper   Shape Design From Exemplar Sketches Using Graph-Based Sketch Analysis [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Free Form Surface Skinning of 3D Curve Clouds for Conceptual Shape Design. Arisoy, E. B.; Orbay, G.; and Kara, L. B. Journal of Computing and Information Science in Engineering, 12: 031005. 2012.
Free Form Surface Skinning of 3D Curve Clouds for Conceptual Shape Design [pdf] paper   Free Form Surface Skinning of 3D Curve Clouds for Conceptual Shape Design [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Sketch-Based Surface Design Using Malleable Curve Networks. Orbay, G.; and Kara, L. B. Computers & Graphics, 36(8): 916-929. 2012.
Sketch-Based Surface Design Using Malleable Curve Networks [pdf] paper   Sketch-Based Surface Design Using Malleable Curve Networks [link] doi   Sketch-Based Surface Design Using Malleable Curve Networks [link] demoversion   Sketch-Based Surface Design Using Malleable Curve Networks [link] video   link   bibtex  
Sketch-Based Aesthetic Product Form Exploration from Existing Images Using Piecewise Clothoid Curves. Orbay, G.; Yumer, M. E.; and Kara, L. B. Journal of Visual Languages and Computing, 23: 327–339. 2012.
Sketch-Based Aesthetic Product Form Exploration from Existing Images Using Piecewise Clothoid Curves [pdf] paper   Sketch-Based Aesthetic Product Form Exploration from Existing Images Using Piecewise Clothoid Curves [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Conceptual design and modification of freeform surfaces using dual shape representations in augmented reality environments. Fuge, M.; Yumer, M. E.; Orbay, G.; and Kara, L. B. Computer-Aided Design, 44(10): 1020 - 1032. 2012. Fundamentals of Next Generation CAD/E Systems
Conceptual design and modification of freeform surfaces using dual shape representations in augmented reality environments [pdf] paper   Conceptual design and modification of freeform surfaces using dual shape representations in augmented reality environments [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Surface creation on unstructured point sets using neural networks. Yumer, M. E.; and Kara, L. B. Computer-Aided Design, 44(7): 644 - 656. 2012.
Surface creation on unstructured point sets using neural networks [link]Paper   Surface creation on unstructured point sets using neural networks [pdf] paper   Surface creation on unstructured point sets using neural networks [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Sketch-based shape exploration using multiscale free-form surface editing. Orbay, G.; Yumer, M. E.; and Kara, L. B. Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design, Analysis and Manufacturing, 26(03): 337-350. 2012.
Sketch-based shape exploration using multiscale free-form surface editing [pdf] paper   Sketch-based shape exploration using multiscale free-form surface editing [link] doi   link   bibtex  
  2011 (9)
. Kara, L. B.; and Shimada, K. The Creation and Modification of 3D Models Using Sketches and Curves, pages 341–367. Jorge, J.; and Samavati, F., editor(s). Springer London, London, 2011.
The Creation and Modification of 3D Models Using Sketches and Curves [link] paper   The Creation and Modification of 3D Models Using Sketches and Curves [link] doi   link   bibtex   abstract  
Sketch-based modeling of smooth surfaces using adaptive curve networks. Orbay, G.; and Kara, L. B. In Proceedings of the Eighth Eurographics Symposium on Sketch-Based Interfaces and Modeling, of SBIM '11, pages 71–78, New York, NY, USA, 2011. ACM
Sketch-based modeling of smooth surfaces using adaptive curve networks [pdf] paper   Sketch-based modeling of smooth surfaces using adaptive curve networks [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Beautification of Design Sketches Using Trainable Stroke Clustering and Curve Fitting. Orbay, G.; and Kara, L. B. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, 17: 694–708. 2011.
Beautification of Design Sketches Using Trainable Stroke Clustering and Curve Fitting [pdf] paper   Beautification of Design Sketches Using Trainable Stroke Clustering and Curve Fitting [link] doi   Beautification of Design Sketches Using Trainable Stroke Clustering and Curve Fitting [link] data   link   bibtex  
Sketch-Based Image Editing Using Clothoid Curves. Orbay, G.; Yumer, M. E.; and Kara, L. B. In International Workshop on Visual Languages and Computing, Florence, Italy, 2011. Best paper award
Sketch-Based Image Editing Using Clothoid Curves [pdf] paper   Sketch-Based Image Editing Using Clothoid Curves [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Neural network-based symbol recognition using a few labeled samples. Fu, L.; and Kara, L. B. Computers & Graphics, 35(5): 955 – 966. 2011.
Neural network-based symbol recognition using a few labeled samples [pdf] paper   Neural network-based symbol recognition using a few labeled samples [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Computer-Aided Patient-Specific Coronary Artery Graft Design Improvements Using CFD Coupled Shape Optimizer. Dur, O.; Coskun, S. T.; Frakes, D.; Kara, L. B.; and Pekkan, K. Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology, 2(1): 35–47. 2011.
Computer-Aided Patient-Specific Coronary Artery Graft Design Improvements Using CFD Coupled Shape Optimizer [pdf] paper   Computer-Aided Patient-Specific Coronary Artery Graft Design Improvements Using CFD Coupled Shape Optimizer [link] doi   link   bibtex  
From engineering diagrams to engineering models: Visual recognition and applications. Fu, L.; and Kara, L. B. Computer-Aided Design, 43(3): 278–292. 2011.
From engineering diagrams to engineering models: Visual recognition and applications [pdf] paper   From engineering diagrams to engineering models: Visual recognition and applications [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Approximate Surfacing of Curve Clouds for Conceptual Shape Creation and Evaluation. Arisoy, E. B.; Orbay, G.; and Kara, L. B. In ASME 2011 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, pages 705–715, 2011. American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Approximate Surfacing of Curve Clouds for Conceptual Shape Creation and Evaluation [pdf] paper   Approximate Surfacing of Curve Clouds for Conceptual Shape Creation and Evaluation [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Conceptual Design of Freeform Surfaces from Unstructured Point Sets Using Neural Network Regression. Yumer, M. E.; and Kara, L. B. In ASME 2011 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, Washington D.C., 2011. American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Conceptual Design of Freeform Surfaces from Unstructured Point Sets Using Neural Network Regression [pdf] paper   Conceptual Design of Freeform Surfaces from Unstructured Point Sets Using Neural Network Regression [link] doi   link   bibtex  
  2010 (2)
Improving Problem Solving Performance by Inducing Talk about Salient Problem Features. Steif, P.; Lobue, J. M.; Kara, L. B.; and Fay, A. L. ASEE Journal of Engineering Education, 99: 135-142. 2010.
Improving Problem Solving Performance by Inducing Talk about Salient Problem Features [pdf] paper   Improving Problem Solving Performance by Inducing Talk about Salient Problem Features [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Engineering Sketch Recognition: Findings from Recent Bio-Inspired and Cognitive Studies at VDEL. Fu, L.; Fuge, M.; and Kara, L. B. In CHI '10: Proceedings of the 28th international conference on Human factors in computing systems, New York, NY, USA, April 2010. ACM
Engineering Sketch Recognition: Findings from Recent Bio-Inspired and Cognitive Studies at VDEL [pdf] paper   link   bibtex  
  2009 (3)
A testing method and cognitive model of human diagram understanding for automating design sketch recognition. Fuge, M. D.; and Kara, L. B. In ASME 2009 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, pages 1235–1247, 2009. American Society of Mechanical Engineers
A testing method and cognitive model of human diagram understanding for automating design sketch recognition [pdf] paper   A testing method and cognitive model of human diagram understanding for automating design sketch recognition [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Recognizing network-like hand-drawn sketches: a convolutional neural network approach. Fu, L.; and Kara, L. B. In ASME 2009 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, pages 671–681, 2009. American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Recognizing network-like hand-drawn sketches: a convolutional neural network approach [pdf] paper   Recognizing network-like hand-drawn sketches: a convolutional neural network approach [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Learning geometric design knowledge from conceptual sketches and its utilization in shape creation and optimization. Orbay, G.; and Kara, L. B. In ASME 2009 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, pages 683–691, 2009. American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Learning geometric design knowledge from conceptual sketches and its utilization in shape creation and optimization [pdf] paper   Learning geometric design knowledge from conceptual sketches and its utilization in shape creation and optimization [link] doi   link   bibtex  
  2008 (2)
A sketch-based tool for analyzing vibratory mechanical systems. Kara, L. B.; Gennari, L.; and Stahovich, T. F. Journal of Mechanical Design, 130(10). 2008.
A sketch-based tool for analyzing vibratory mechanical systems [pdf] paper   A sketch-based tool for analyzing vibratory mechanical systems [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Supporting early styling design of automobiles using sketch-based 3d shape construction. Kara, L. B.; and Shimada, K. Computer-Aided Design and Applications, 5(6): 867–876. 2008.
Supporting early styling design of automobiles using sketch-based 3d shape construction [pdf] paper   Supporting early styling design of automobiles using sketch-based 3d shape construction [link] doi   link   bibtex  
  2007 (4)
An Evaluation of User Experience with a Sketch-based 3D Modeling System. Kara, L. B.; Shimada, K.; and Marmalefsky, S. D. Computers & Graphics, 31(4): 580 – 597. 2007.
An Evaluation of User Experience with a Sketch-based 3D Modeling System [pdf] paper   An Evaluation of User Experience with a Sketch-based 3D Modeling System [link] doi   link   bibtex  
An Efficient Graph-Based Recognizer for Hand-Drawn Symbols. Lee, W.; Kara, L. B.; and Stahovich, T. F. Computers & Graphics, 31(4): 554 – 567. 2007.
An Efficient Graph-Based Recognizer for Hand-Drawn Symbols [pdf] paper   An Efficient Graph-Based Recognizer for Hand-Drawn Symbols [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Sketch-Based 3D-Shape Creation for Industrial Styling Design. Kara, L. B.; and Shimada, K. IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, 27: 60–71. 2007.
Sketch-Based 3D-Shape Creation for Industrial Styling Design [pdf] paper   Sketch-Based 3D-Shape Creation for Industrial Styling Design [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Inducing Students To Contemplate Concept-Eliciting Questions And The Effect On Problem Solving Performance. Steif, P. S.; Lobue, J.; Fay, A. L.; Kara, L. B.; and Spencer, S. In American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference and Exposition, June 2007.
Inducing Students To Contemplate Concept-Eliciting Questions And The Effect On Problem Solving Performance [pdf] paper   Inducing Students To Contemplate Concept-Eliciting Questions And The Effect On Problem Solving Performance [link] doi   link   bibtex  
  2006 (4)
Work in Progress: Improving Problem Solving Performance in Statics through Body-Centric Talk. Steif, P. S.; Fay, A. L.; Kara, L. B.; and Spencer, S. E. In Frontiers in Education, 36th Annual Conference, pages 1–2, oct. 2006.
Work in Progress: Improving Problem Solving Performance in Statics through Body-Centric Talk [pdf] paper   Work in Progress: Improving Problem Solving Performance in Statics through Body-Centric Talk [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Pen-based styling design of 3D geometry using concept sketches and template models. Kara, L. B.; D'Eramo, C. M.; and Shimada, K. In Proceedings of the 2006 ACM symposium on Solid and physical modeling, of SPM '06, pages 149-160, New York, NY, USA, 2006. ACM
Pen-based styling design of 3D geometry using concept sketches and template models [pdf] paper   Pen-based styling design of 3D geometry using concept sketches and template models [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Construction and Modification of 3D Geometry Using a Sketch-based Interface. Kara, L. B.; and Shimada, K. In SBM'06 Proceedings of the Third Eurographics conference on Sketch-Based Interfaces and Modeling, pages 59–66, 2006.
Construction and Modification of 3D Geometry Using a Sketch-based Interface [pdf] paper   Construction and Modification of 3D Geometry Using a Sketch-based Interface [link] doi   link   bibtex  
An Efficient Graph-Based Symbol Recognizer. Lee, W.; Kara, L. B.; and Stahovich, T. F. In SBM'06 Proceedings of the Third Eurographics conference on Sketch-Based Interfaces and Modeling, pages 11–18, 2006.
An Efficient Graph-Based Symbol Recognizer [pdf] paper   An Efficient Graph-Based Symbol Recognizer [link] doi   link   bibtex  
  2005 (2)
Combining geometry and domain knowledge to interpret hand-drawn diagrams. Gennari, L.; Kara, L. B.; Stahovich, T. F.; and Shimada, K. Computers & Graphics, 29(4): 547–562. 2005.
Combining geometry and domain knowledge to interpret hand-drawn diagrams [pdf] paper   Combining geometry and domain knowledge to interpret hand-drawn diagrams [link] doi   link   bibtex  
An image-based, trainable symbol recognizer for hand-drawn sketches. Kara, L. B.; and Stahovich, T. F. Computers & Graphics, 29(4): 501–517. August 2005.
An image-based, trainable symbol recognizer for hand-drawn sketches [pdf] paper   An image-based, trainable symbol recognizer for hand-drawn sketches [link] doi   link   bibtex  
  2004 (5)
An Image-Based Trainable Symbol Recognizer for Sketch-Based Interfaces. Kara, L. B.; and Stahovich, T. F. In AAAI Fall Symposium Series 2004: Making Pen-Based Interaction Intelligent and Natural, 2004.
An Image-Based Trainable Symbol Recognizer for Sketch-Based Interfaces [pdf] paper   An Image-Based Trainable Symbol Recognizer for Sketch-Based Interfaces [pdf] doi   link   bibtex  
Combining geometry and domain knowledge to interpret hand-drawn diagrams. Gennari, L.; Kara, L. B.; Stahovich, T. F.; and Shimada, K. In AAAI Fall Symposium Series 2004: Making Pen-Based Interaction Intelligent and Natural, 2004.
Combining geometry and domain knowledge to interpret hand-drawn diagrams [pdf] paper   Combining geometry and domain knowledge to interpret hand-drawn diagrams [pdf] doi   link   bibtex  
A Sketch-Based Interface for the Design and Analysis of Simple Vibratory Mechanical Systems. Kara, L. B.; Gennari, L.; and Stahovich, T. F. In Proceedings of ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences (ASME/ DETC 2004), 2004.
A Sketch-Based Interface for the Design and Analysis of Simple Vibratory Mechanical Systems. [pdf] paper   A Sketch-Based Interface for the Design and Analysis of Simple Vibratory Mechanical Systems. [link] doi   link   bibtex  
Hierarchical parsing and recognition of hand-sketched diagrams. Kara, L. B.; and Stahovich, T. F. In Proceedings of the 17th annual ACM symposium on User interface software and technology, of UIST '04, pages 13–22, New York, NY, USA, 2004. ACM
Hierarchical parsing and recognition of hand-sketched diagrams [pdf] paper   Hierarchical parsing and recognition of hand-sketched diagrams [link] doi   doi   link   bibtex  
  2002 (2)
Causal reasoning using geometric analysis. Kara, L. B.; and Stahovich, T. F. AI EDAM, 16(05): 363-384. 2002.
Causal reasoning using geometric analysis [pdf] paper   Causal reasoning using geometric analysis [link] doi   doi   link   bibtex  
Recognizing Multi-Stroke Symbols. Calhoun, C.; Stahovich, T. F.; Kurtoglu, T.; and Kara, L. B. In AAAI Spring Symposium, Sketch Understanding, 2002.
Recognizing Multi-Stroke Symbols [pdf] paper   Recognizing Multi-Stroke Symbols [link] doi   link   bibtex  
  2001 (2)
A representation for comparing simulations and computing the purpose of geometric features. Stahovich, T. F.; and Kara, L. B. AI EDAM, 15(02): 189–201. 2001.
A representation for comparing simulations and computing the purpose of geometric features [pdf] paper   A representation for comparing simulations and computing the purpose of geometric features [link] doi   doi   link   bibtex  
Spatial Reasoning About Mechanical Behaviors. Kara, L. B.; and Stahovich, T. F. In ASME Design Theory and Methodology Conference (DTM), DETC 2001/DTM-21684., 2001.
Spatial Reasoning About Mechanical Behaviors [pdf] paper   Spatial Reasoning About Mechanical Behaviors [link] doi   link   bibtex