Cortical EEG oscillations and network connectivity as efficacy indices for assessing drugs with cognition enhancing potential. Ahnaou, A., Huysmans, H., Jacobs, T., & Drinkenburg, W. H. I. M. Neuropharmacology, 86:362–377, November, 2014. ZSCC: 0000048
Cortical EEG oscillations and network connectivity as efficacy indices for assessing drugs with cognition enhancing potential [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Synchronization of electroencephalographic (EEG) oscillations represents a core mechanism for cortical and subcortical networks, and disturbance in neural synchrony underlies cognitive processing deficits in neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders. Here, we investigated the effects of cognition enhancers (donepezil, rivastigmine, tacrine, galantamine and memantine), which are approved for symptomatic treatment of dementia, on EEG oscillations and network connectivity in conscious rats chronically instrumented with epidural electrodes in different cortical areas. Next, EEG network indices of cognitive impairments with the muscarinic receptor antagonist scopolamine were modeled. Lastly, we examined the efficacy of cognition enhancers to normalize those aberrant oscillations. Cognition enhancers elicited systematic (“fingerprint”) enhancement of cortical slow theta (4.5–6 Hz) and gamma (30.5–50 Hz) oscillations correlated with lower activity levels. Principal component analysis (PCA) revealed a compact cluster that corresponds to shared underlying mechanisms as compared to different drug classes. Functional network connectivity revealed consistent elevated coherent slow theta activity in parieto-occipital and between interhemispheric cortical areas. In rats instrumented with depth hippocampal CA1-CA3 electrodes, donepezil elicited similar oscillatory and coherent activities in cortico-hippocampal networks. When combined with scopolamine, the cognition enhancers attenuated the leftward shift in coherent slow delta activity. Such a consistent shift in EEG coherence into slow oscillations associated with altered slow theta and gamma oscillations may underlie cognitive deficits in scopolamine-treated animals, whereas enhanced coherent slow theta and gamma activity may be a relevant mechanism by which cognition enhancers exert their beneficial effect on plasticity and cognitive processes. The findings underscore that PCA and network connectivity are valuable tools to assess efficacy of novel therapeutic drugs with cognition enhancing potential.
@article{ahnaou_cortical_2014,
	title = {Cortical {EEG} oscillations and network connectivity as efficacy indices for assessing drugs with cognition enhancing potential},
	volume = {86},
	issn = {0028-3908},
	url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0028390814002986},
	doi = {10.1016/j.neuropharm.2014.08.015},
	abstract = {Synchronization of electroencephalographic (EEG) oscillations represents a core mechanism for cortical and subcortical networks, and disturbance in neural synchrony underlies cognitive processing deficits in neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders. Here, we investigated the effects of cognition enhancers (donepezil, rivastigmine, tacrine, galantamine and memantine), which are approved for symptomatic treatment of dementia, on EEG oscillations and network connectivity in conscious rats chronically instrumented with epidural electrodes in different cortical areas. Next, EEG network indices of cognitive impairments with the muscarinic receptor antagonist scopolamine were modeled. Lastly, we examined the efficacy of cognition enhancers to normalize those aberrant oscillations. Cognition enhancers elicited systematic (“fingerprint”) enhancement of cortical slow theta (4.5–6 Hz) and gamma (30.5–50 Hz) oscillations correlated with lower activity levels. Principal component analysis (PCA) revealed a compact cluster that corresponds to shared underlying mechanisms as compared to different drug classes. Functional network connectivity revealed consistent elevated coherent slow theta activity in parieto-occipital and between interhemispheric cortical areas. In rats instrumented with depth hippocampal CA1-CA3 electrodes, donepezil elicited similar oscillatory and coherent activities in cortico-hippocampal networks. When combined with scopolamine, the cognition enhancers attenuated the leftward shift in coherent slow delta activity. Such a consistent shift in EEG coherence into slow oscillations associated with altered slow theta and gamma oscillations may underlie cognitive deficits in scopolamine-treated animals, whereas enhanced coherent slow theta and gamma activity may be a relevant mechanism by which cognition enhancers exert their beneficial effect on plasticity and cognitive processes. The findings underscore that PCA and network connectivity are valuable tools to assess efficacy of novel therapeutic drugs with cognition enhancing potential.},
	language = {en},
	urldate = {2020-10-06},
	journal = {Neuropharmacology},
	author = {Ahnaou, A. and Huysmans, H. and Jacobs, T. and Drinkenburg, W. H. I. M.},
	month = nov,
	year = {2014},
	note = {ZSCC: 0000048},
	keywords = {Animal model, Cognition enhancers, Coherent functional network, EEG oscillations, Neurodegenerative disorders, Translational biomarker},
	pages = {362--377},
}
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