An Epicurean Learning Approach to Gene-Expression Data Classification. Albrecht, A., Vinterbo, S. A., & Ohno-Machado, L. Artif Intell Med, 28(1):75–87, May, 2003.
doi  abstract   bibtex   
We investigate the use of perceptrons for classification of microarray data where we use two datasets that were published in [Nat. Med. 7 (6) (2001) 673] and [Science 286 (1999) 531]. The classification problem studied by Khan et al. is related to the diagnosis of small round blue cell tumours (SRBCT) of childhood which are difficult to classify both clinically and via routine histology. Golub et al. study acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We used a simulated annealing-based method in learning a system of perceptrons, each obtained by resampling of the training set. Our results are comparable to those of Khan et al. and Golub et al., indicating that there is a role for perceptrons in the classification of tumours based on gene-expression data. We also show that it is critical to perform feature selection in this type of models, i.e. we propose a method for identifying genes that might be significant for the particular tumour types. For SRBCTs, zero error on test data has been obtained for only 13 out of 2308 genes; for the ALL/AML problem, we have zero error for 9 out of 7129 genes that are used for the classification procedure. Furthermore, we provide evidence that Epicurean-style learning and simulated annealing-based search are both essential for obtaining the best classification results.
@article{Albrecht2003,
  title = {An {{Epicurean}} Learning Approach to Gene-Expression Data Classification.},
  author = {Albrecht, Andreas and Vinterbo, Staal A. and {Ohno-Machado}, Lucila},
  year = {2003},
  month = may,
  journal = {Artif Intell Med},
  volume = {28},
  number = {1},
  pages = {75--87},
  doi = {10.1016/S0933-3657(03)00036-8},
  abstract = {We investigate the use of perceptrons for classification of microarray data where we use two datasets that were published in [Nat. Med. 7 (6) (2001) 673] and [Science 286 (1999) 531]. The classification problem studied by Khan et al. is related to the diagnosis of small round blue cell tumours (SRBCT) of childhood which are difficult to classify both clinically and via routine histology. Golub et al. study acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We used a simulated annealing-based method in learning a system of perceptrons, each obtained by resampling of the training set. Our results are comparable to those of Khan et al. and Golub et al., indicating that there is a role for perceptrons in the classification of tumours based on gene-expression data. We also show that it is critical to perform feature selection in this type of models, i.e. we propose a method for identifying genes that might be significant for the particular tumour types. For SRBCTs, zero error on test data has been obtained for only 13 out of 2308 genes; for the ALL/AML problem, we have zero error for 9 out of 7129 genes that are used for the classification procedure. Furthermore, we provide evidence that Epicurean-style learning and simulated annealing-based search are both essential for obtaining the best classification results.},
  copyright = {All rights reserved},
  pii = {S0933365703000368},
  pubmedid = {12850314},
  keywords = {12850314,Algorithms,Anonymous Testing,Artificial Intelligence,Carcinoma,Child,Comparative Study,Computerized,Confidentiality,Databases,Diagnosis,Differential,Disclosure,Gene Expression Profiling,Gene Expression Regulation,Genetic Markers,Humans,Lung Neoplasms,Medical Records Systems,Multivariate Analysis,Neoplastic,Neural Networks (Computer),Non-U.S. Gov't,Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis,P.H.S.,Privacy,Research Support,Rhabdomyosarcoma,Sarcoma,Small Cell,U.S. Gov't}
}

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