Methods for energy analysis of residential buildings in Nordic countries. Allard, I.; Olofsson, T.; and Hassan, O. A. B. In Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, volume 22, s. 306-318. Renewable & sustainable energy reviews Pergamon-Elsevier Science, 2013.
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To meet the goals of the directive 2010/31/EU on the energy performance of buildings, the building sector in Europe now faces a transition towards more energy efficient buildings. Research and development of new energy solutions and technology will be necessary for the transition and the importance of analyzing building energy performance increases. This paper aims to review and evaluate different methods that are commonly used to analyze energy performance in residential buildings in Nordic countries, primarily in Sweden, Norway and Finland. A short international review of regulations is also included. The goal is to find commonly used methods and possibilities for the future. The introduced methods are summarized, categorized and compared based on their advantages and disadvantages. Although the three Nordic countries have similar climate conditions and building traditions, the review shows relatively large variations in the definitions of energy performance for residential buildings, as well as variations in how measurements and calculations are used in the methods for energy performance analysis. In the conducted review, methods, or parts of methods, are also found to be used. The methods used to analyze energy performance are found to be more similar than the concepts of energy performance itself in the three countries. These aspects may be considered in further work to develop an international policy practice for energy performance of residential buildings in cold climate.
@incollection{allard_methods_2013,
	title = {Methods for energy analysis of residential buildings in {Nordic} countries},
	volume = {22, s. 306-318},
	isbn = {1364-0321},
	url = {http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-78447},
	abstract = {To meet the goals of the directive 2010/31/EU on the energy performance of buildings, the building sector in Europe now faces a transition towards more energy efficient buildings. Research and development of new energy solutions and technology will be necessary for the transition and the importance of analyzing building energy performance increases. This paper aims to review and evaluate different methods that are commonly used to analyze energy performance in residential buildings in Nordic countries, primarily in Sweden, Norway and Finland. A short international review of regulations is also included. The goal is to find commonly used methods and possibilities for the future. The introduced methods are summarized, categorized and compared based on their advantages and disadvantages. Although the three Nordic countries have similar climate conditions and building traditions, the review shows relatively large variations in the definitions of energy performance for residential buildings, as well as variations in how measurements and calculations are used in the methods for energy performance analysis. In the conducted review, methods, or parts of methods, are also found to be used. The methods used to analyze energy performance are found to be more similar than the concepts of energy performance itself in the three countries. These aspects may be considered in further work to develop an international policy practice for energy performance of residential buildings in cold climate.},
	urldate = {2014-09-11},
	booktitle = {Renewable \& sustainable energy reviews},
	publisher = {Renewable \& sustainable energy reviews Pergamon-Elsevier Science},
	author = {Allard, Ingrid and Olofsson, Thomas and Hassan, Osama A. B.},
	year = {2013},
}
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