Communication Studies, 98:151--156, 1998. Paper abstract bibtex
In this paper we argue that the predominant models of Situation Awareness (SA) are inadequate for the study of systems operated by teams. The reason for this is that these models are based on mentalistic assumptions focusing almost exclusively on individuals. We suggest that, to study the control of dynamic systems, it is necessary to shift the unit of analysis from the individual to the whole cognitive system comprising a team of people as well as the artefacts which they use. Thus, our vantage point is the theoretical framework of distributed cognition. Through two field studies we try to demonstrate how team situation awareness is actively constructed via the communicative practices which the team uses in its work.