Open Access Key Strategic Technical and Economic Aspects, 2006. Paper abstract bibtex
Conventional fee-based publishing models fragment worldwide scholarly journal literature into numerous digital enclaves protected by various security systems that limit access to licensed users. What would global scholarship be like if its journal literature were freely available to all, regardless of whether the researcher worked at Harvard or a small liberal arts college, or he/she was in the United States or Zambia? What would it be like if, rather than being entangled in restrictive licenses that limited its use, journal literature was under a license that permitted any use as long as certain common-sense conditions were met? This is the promise of open access (OA). Needless to say, there are many challenges in involved in trying to achieve this bold vision, and it is not embraced, or even viewed as being feasible, by all parties in the scholarly communication system. Without question, open access has significant implications for libraries, especially academic libraries. For electronic resources librarians, 'open access' raises a variety of questions. What is OA? Is it different from free access, or is it the same? What is a Creative Commons License, which some OA providers use? What's an 'e-print'? Are there different types of e-prints? What is 'self-archiving'? What are the different ways that e-prints are made publicly available? What's an open access journal? Are there different types of OA journals? How can OA journals be made available at no cost? How do you search for OA materials? Why is OA desirable? Will OA flourish or fail? How will OA affect library collections and services? What can libraries do to support OA and to integrate OA materials into their collections? How will OA affect library budgets, especially collection budgets? How will OA affect electronic resources librarians' jobs?