Tools and Techniques for Developing Policies for Complex and Uncertain Systems. Bankes, S. C. 99:7263–7266.
Tools and Techniques for Developing Policies for Complex and Uncertain Systems [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Agent-based models (ABM) are examples of complex adaptive systems, which can be characterized as those systems for which no model less complex than the system itself can accurately predict in detail how the system will behave at future times. Consequently, the standard tools of policy analysis, based as they are on devising policies that perform well on some best estimate model of the system, cannot be reliably used for ABM. This paper argues that policy analysis by using ABM requires an alternative approach to decision theory. The general characteristics of such an approach are described, and examples are provided of its application to policy analysis.
@article{bankesToolsTechniquesDeveloping2002,
  title = {Tools and Techniques for Developing Policies for Complex and Uncertain Systems},
  author = {Bankes, Steven C.},
  date = {2002-05},
  journaltitle = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences},
  volume = {99},
  pages = {7263--7266},
  issn = {1091-6490},
  doi = {10.1073/pnas.092081399},
  url = {https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.092081399},
  abstract = {Agent-based models (ABM) are examples of complex adaptive systems, which can be characterized as those systems for which no model less complex than the system itself can accurately predict in detail how the system will behave at future times. Consequently, the standard tools of policy analysis, based as they are on devising policies that perform well on some best estimate model of the system, cannot be reliably used for ABM. This paper argues that policy analysis by using ABM requires an alternative approach to decision theory. The general characteristics of such an approach are described, and examples are provided of its application to policy analysis.},
  issue = {suppl 3},
  keywords = {*imported-from-citeulike-INRMM,~INRMM-MiD:c-8246656,communicating-uncertainty,complexity,deep-uncertainty,integration-techniques,non-linearity,science-policy-interface,scientific-communication,uncertainty}
}
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