Psychosocial predictors of “safer sex” behaviors in young adults. Basen-Engquist, K AIDS education and prevention: official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education, 4(2):120--134, 1992.
Psychosocial predictors of “safer sex” behaviors in young adults [link]Paper  abstract   bibtex   
This study tested a model of safer sex behavior using variables from social learning theory, the health belief model, the theory of reasoned action, and theories of cognitive coping style. Two types of safer sex behavior were measured: frequency of condom use and the discussion of AIDS and past partners with a sexual partner. The participants–275 undergraduate students–completed an anonymous written questionnaire. The variables (behavioral intention, perceived susceptibility, barriers, self-efficacy, monitoring, blunting, and social support) predicted 35% of the variance in condom use and 13% of the variance in discussion (adjusted R2s). Intention was the strongest predictor of both types of safer sex behavior. Perceived susceptibility and perceived barriers were associated with intention to use a condom; perceived barriers was inversely related to condom use. Self-efficacy was associated with the intention to discuss and reported discussion of AIDS and past partners with a sexual partner; social support was related to the intention to discuss. An information-avoiding coping style was negatively associated with condom use. Implications for future research and intervention efforts in the area of AIDS prevention are discussed.
@article{basen-engquist_psychosocial_1992,
	title = {Psychosocial predictors of “safer sex” behaviors in young adults},
	volume = {4},
	issn = {0899-9546},
	url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1642957},
	abstract = {This study tested a model of safer sex behavior using variables from social learning theory, the health belief model, the theory of reasoned action, and theories of cognitive coping style. Two types of safer sex behavior were measured: frequency of condom use and the discussion of AIDS and past partners with a sexual partner. The participants–275 undergraduate students–completed an anonymous written questionnaire. The variables (behavioral intention, perceived susceptibility, barriers, self-efficacy, monitoring, blunting, and social support) predicted 35\% of the variance in condom use and 13\% of the variance in discussion (adjusted R2s). Intention was the strongest predictor of both types of safer sex behavior. Perceived susceptibility and perceived barriers were associated with intention to use a condom; perceived barriers was inversely related to condom use. Self-efficacy was associated with the intention to discuss and reported discussion of AIDS and past partners with a sexual partner; social support was related to the intention to discuss. An information-avoiding coping style was negatively associated with condom use. Implications for future research and intervention efforts in the area of AIDS prevention are discussed.},
	language = {en},
	number = {2},
	journal = {AIDS education and prevention: official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education},
	author = {Basen-Engquist, K},
	year = {1992},
	pmid = {1642957},
	keywords = {Americas, Barrier Methods, Behavior, Blame, Condom, Contraception, Contraceptive Methods, Contraceptive Usage, Data Analysis, Developed Countries, Evaluation, Family Planning, Mental Health/Victim Exclusion: Vilification \&amp, Models, Multivariate Analysis, North America, Northern America, Premarital Sex Behavior, Psychosocial Factors, Research Methodology, Research Report, Risk Assessment, Sex Behavior, Theoretical, United States},
	pages = {120--134}
}
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