Forest Impact on Floods Due to Extreme Rainfall and Snowmelt in Four Latin American Environments 2: Model Analysis. Bathurst, J. C.; Birkinshaw, S. J.; Cisneros, F.; Fallas, J.; Iroumé, A.; Iturraspe, R.; Novillo, M. G.; Urciuolo, A.; Alvarado, A.; Coello, C.; Huber, A.; Miranda, M.; Ramirez, M.; and Sarandón, R. 400(3-4):292–304.
Forest Impact on Floods Due to Extreme Rainfall and Snowmelt in Four Latin American Environments 2: Model Analysis [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Through a systematic modelling analysis for focus catchments in Costa Rica (131~km2), Ecuador (10~km2), Chile (0.35~km2) and Argentina (12.9~km2), the hypothesis is tested that, as the size of the hydrological event increases, the effect of forest cover on the peak discharge becomes less important. For each focus catchment, a 1000-year synthetic rainfall time series was generated, representative of the current climate. This time series was used to run SHETRAN hydrological models for each catchment with two contrasting land use scenarios (generally with and without a forest cover). The corresponding maximum daily discharges for the contrasting scenarios were then compared to show the extent to which the two responses converged as the size of the peak discharge increased. For a given forest catchment discharge there could be a range of larger non-forest catchment discharges, depending on antecedent soil moisture content. The simulations show consistently for the rainfall dominated sites that the width of this range either remains constant or narrows as discharge increases, indicating either relative or absolute convergence of the responses. The pattern is more difficult to distinguish for a snowmelt regime but a relative convergence of response still appears possible. The results therefore support the test hypothesis. However, the pattern is complicated by factors such as catchment scale, soil depth, antecedent moisture content and land management. Forests may also still offer significant flood mitigation benefits for moderate (and more frequent) rainfall events and they protect against soil erosion and sediment transport for a wide range of events. Flood peaks are modelled for four Latin America catchments with and without forest. The peak flows for the scenarios with and without forest converge at high rainfalls. Convergence may be absolute or relative (as a proportion of discharge). Forests protect against soil erosion and may reduce flood peaks for moderate events. The pattern is complicated by soil depth and antecedent moisture content.
@article{bathurstForestImpactFloods2011a,
  title = {Forest Impact on Floods Due to Extreme Rainfall and Snowmelt in Four {{Latin American}} Environments 2: Model Analysis},
  author = {Bathurst, James C. and Birkinshaw, Steve J. and Cisneros, Felipe and Fallas, Jorge and Iroumé, Andrés and Iturraspe, Rodolfo and Novillo, Marcelo G. and Urciuolo, Adriana and Alvarado, Andrés and Coello, Cristian and Huber, Anton and Miranda, Miriam and Ramirez, Marco and Sarandón, Ramiro},
  date = {2011-04},
  journaltitle = {Journal of Hydrology},
  volume = {400},
  pages = {292--304},
  issn = {0022-1694},
  doi = {10.1016/j.jhydrol.2010.09.001},
  url = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2010.09.001},
  abstract = {Through a systematic modelling analysis for focus catchments in Costa Rica (131~km2), Ecuador (10~km2), Chile (0.35~km2) and Argentina (12.9~km2), the hypothesis is tested that, as the size of the hydrological event increases, the effect of forest cover on the peak discharge becomes less important. For each focus catchment, a 1000-year synthetic rainfall time series was generated, representative of the current climate. This time series was used to run SHETRAN hydrological models for each catchment with two contrasting land use scenarios (generally with and without a forest cover). The corresponding maximum daily discharges for the contrasting scenarios were then compared to show the extent to which the two responses converged as the size of the peak discharge increased. For a given forest catchment discharge there could be a range of larger non-forest catchment discharges, depending on antecedent soil moisture content. The simulations show consistently for the rainfall dominated sites that the width of this range either remains constant or narrows as discharge increases, indicating either relative or absolute convergence of the responses. The pattern is more difficult to distinguish for a snowmelt regime but a relative convergence of response still appears possible. The results therefore support the test hypothesis. However, the pattern is complicated by factors such as catchment scale, soil depth, antecedent moisture content and land management. Forests may also still offer significant flood mitigation benefits for moderate (and more frequent) rainfall events and they protect against soil erosion and sediment transport for a wide range of events. Flood peaks are modelled for four Latin America catchments with and without forest. The peak flows for the scenarios with and without forest converge at high rainfalls. Convergence may be absolute or relative (as a proportion of discharge). Forests protect against soil erosion and may reduce flood peaks for moderate events. The pattern is complicated by soil depth and antecedent moisture content.},
  keywords = {*imported-from-citeulike-INRMM,~INRMM-MiD:c-7883436,floods,forest-resources,moderate-floods,natural-resources-interactions,sediment-transport,soil-erosion,water-resources},
  number = {3-4}
}
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