Visual parsing and response competition: the effect of grouping factors. Baylis, G. & Driver, J. Percept Psychophys, 51:145--162, Feb, 1992.
abstract   bibtex   
Baylis, 1989). In eight experiments, we examined whether static factors other than proximity can affect the amount of interference. When distractors and the target letter were in the same color, the distractors interfered more than they did when they were in a different color, even when the latter were closer to the target. Good continuation between the target and distractors also led to more interference. These results suggest that the efficiency of selection is determined by several aspects of the relation between targets and distractors in addition to their proximity, and thus that visual attention is not directed on the basis of position information alone.
@article{ Baylis_Driver92a,
  author = {Baylis, G.C. and Driver, J.},
  title = {{{V}isual parsing and response competition: the effect of grouping
	factors}},
  journal = {Percept Psychophys},
  year = {1992},
  volume = {51},
  pages = {145--162},
  month = {Feb},
  abstract = {Baylis, 1989). In eight experiments, we examined whether static factors
	other than proximity can affect the amount of interference. When
	distractors and the target letter were in the same color, the distractors
	interfered more than they did when they were in a different color,
	even when the latter were closer to the target. Good continuation
	between the target and distractors also led to more interference.
	These results suggest that the efficiency of selection is determined
	by several aspects of the relation between targets and distractors
	in addition to their proximity, and thus that visual attention is
	not directed on the basis of position information alone.}
}
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