Marine biological shifts and climate. Beaugrand Grégory; Goberville Eric; Luczak Christophe; and Kirby Richard R 281(1783):20133350. Number: 1783
Marine biological shifts and climate [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Phenological, biogeographic and community shifts are among the reported responses of marine ecosystems and their species to climate change. However, despite both the profound consequences for ecosystem functioning and services, our understanding of the root causes underlying these biological changes remains rudimentary. Here, we show that a significant proportion of the responses of species and communities to climate change are deterministic at some emergent spatio-temporal scales, enabling testable predictions and more accurate projections of future changes. We propose a theory based on the concept of the ecological niche to connect phenological, biogeographic and long-term community shifts. The theory explains approximately 70% of the phenological and biogeographic shifts of a key zooplankton Calanus finmarchicus in the North Atlantic and approximately 56% of the long-term shifts in copepods observed in the North Sea during the period 1958–2009.
@article{beaugrand_gregory_marine_2014,
	title = {Marine biological shifts and climate},
	volume = {281},
	url = {https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rspb.2013.3350},
	doi = {10.1098/rspb.2013.3350},
	abstract = {Phenological, biogeographic and community shifts are among the reported responses of marine ecosystems and their species to climate change. However, despite both the profound consequences for ecosystem functioning and services, our understanding of the root causes underlying these biological changes remains rudimentary. Here, we show that a significant proportion of the responses of species and communities to climate change are deterministic at some emergent spatio-temporal scales, enabling testable predictions and more accurate projections of future changes. We propose a theory based on the concept of the ecological niche to connect phenological, biogeographic and long-term community shifts. The theory explains approximately 70\% of the phenological and biogeographic shifts of a key zooplankton Calanus finmarchicus in the North Atlantic and approximately 56\% of the long-term shifts in copepods observed in the North Sea during the period 1958–2009.},
	pages = {20133350},
	number = {1783},
	journaltitle = {Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences},
	shortjournal = {Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences},
	author = {{Beaugrand Grégory} and {Goberville Eric} and {Luczak Christophe} and {Kirby Richard R}},
	urldate = {2019-04-16},
	date = {2014-05-22},
	note = {Number: 1783}
}
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