Development, survival, longevity, and fecundity of Clitostethus arcuatus (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) on Siphoninus phillyreae (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in the laboratory. Bellows, T., Paine, T., & Gerling, D Environmental Entomology, 21(3):659–663, 1992.
Development, survival, longevity, and fecundity of Clitostethus arcuatus (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) on Siphoninus phillyreae (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in the laboratory [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
A population of Clitostethus arcuatus (Rossi), originating in Israel, was imported into California in 1989. Laboratory studies at three temperatures (21.1, 28.2, 32.2°C) using Siphoninus phillyreae (Haliday) as prey indicated maximum developmental rates, survival, and fertility at 28.2°C. At 28.2°C, development from egg to adult required a mean of 15.6 d, egg-to-adult survival was 78%, sex ratio of surviving progeny was 1:1, females lived an average of 82 d and laid an average of 202 eggs. Developmental rates and fertility were slightly lower and survival was similar at 21.1°C. Development was slower and survival and fertility were reduced substantially at 32.2°C.
@article{bellows_development_1992,
	title = {Development, survival, longevity, and fecundity of {Clitostethus} arcuatus ({Coleoptera}: {Coccinellidae}) on {Siphoninus} phillyreae ({Homoptera}: {Aleyrodidae}) in the laboratory},
	volume = {21},
	issn = {0046-225X},
	url = {https://academic.oup.com/ee/article-abstract/21/3/659/2394584},
	doi = {10.1093/ee/21.3.659},
	abstract = {A population of Clitostethus arcuatus (Rossi), originating in Israel, was imported into California in 1989. Laboratory studies at three temperatures (21.1, 28.2, 32.2°C) using Siphoninus phillyreae (Haliday) as prey indicated maximum developmental rates, survival, and fertility at 28.2°C. At 28.2°C, development from egg to adult required a mean of 15.6 d, egg-to-adult survival was 78\%, sex ratio of surviving progeny was 1:1, females lived an average of 82 d and laid an average of 202 eggs. Developmental rates and fertility were slightly lower and survival was similar at 21.1°C. Development was slower and survival and fertility were reduced substantially at 32.2°C.},
	number = {3},
	journal = {Environmental Entomology},
	author = {Bellows, TS and Paine, TD and Gerling, D},
	year = {1992},
	pages = {659--663}
}
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