Control and Synthesis of Non-Interferent Timed Systems. Benattar, G., Cassez, F., Lime, D., & Roux, O. H. International Journal of Control, 88(2):217–236, 2015.
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We focus on the control and the synthesis of secure timed systems which are modelled as timed automata. The security property that the system must satisfy is a non-interference property. Intuitively, non-interference ensures the absence of any causal dependency from a high-level domain to a lower level domain. Various notions of non-interference have been defined in the literature, and in this paper, we focus on strong non- deterministic non-interference (SNNI) and two (bi)simulation-based variants thereof (cosimulation-based SNNI and bisimulation-based SNNI). These properties and their extensions have been mostly studied in the context of discrete event systems, while it is now well-known that time is an important attack vector against secure systems. At the same time, there is an obvious interest in going beyond simple verification to control problems: to be able to automatically make systems secure. We consider non-interference properties in the challenging setting of control of dense-time systems specified by timed automata and we study the two following problems: (1) check whether it is possible to find a sub-system so that it is non- interferent; if yes, (2) compute a (largest) sub- system which is non- interferent. We exhibit decidable sub-classes for these problems, assess their theoretical complexities and provide effective algorithms based on the classical framework of timed games.

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