Drivers of Temporal Changes in Temperate Forest Plant Diversity Vary across Spatial Scales. Bernhardt-Römermann, M.; Baeten, L.; Craven, D.; De Frenne, P.; Hédl, R.; Lenoir, J.; Bert, D.; Brunet, J.; Chudomelová, M.; Decocq, G.; Dierschke, H.; Dirnböck, T.; Dörfler, I.; Heinken, T.; Hermy, M.; Hommel, P.; Jaroszewicz, B.; Keczyński, A.; Kelly, D. L.; Kirby, K. J.; Kopecký, M.; Macek, M.; Máliš, F.; Mirtl, M.; Mitchell, F. J. G.; Naaf, T.; Newman, M.; Peterken, G.; Petř́ık, P.; Schmidt, W.; Standovár, T.; Tóth, Z.; Calster, H. V.; Verstraeten, G.; Vladovič, J.; Vild, O.; Wulf, M.; and Verheyen, K. 21(10):3726–3737.
Drivers of Temporal Changes in Temperate Forest Plant Diversity Vary across Spatial Scales [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Global biodiversity is affected by numerous environmental drivers. Yet, the extent to which global environmental changes contribute to changes in local diversity is poorly understood. We investigated biodiversity changes in a meta-analysis of 39 resurvey studies in European temperate forests (3988 vegetation records in total, 17-75~years between the two surveys) by assessing the importance of (i) coarse-resolution (i.e., among sites) vs. fine-resolution (i.e., within sites) environmental differences and (ii) changing environmental conditions between surveys. Our results clarify the mechanisms underlying the direction and magnitude of local-scale biodiversity changes. While not detecting any net local diversity loss, we observed considerable among-site variation, partly explained by temporal changes in light availability (a local driver) and density of large herbivores (a regional driver). Furthermore, strong evidence was found that presurvey levels of nitrogen deposition determined subsequent diversity changes. We conclude that models forecasting future biodiversity changes should consider coarse-resolution environmental changes, account for differences in baseline environmental conditions and for local changes in fine-resolution environmental conditions.
@article{bernhardt-romermannDriversTemporalChanges2015,
  title = {Drivers of Temporal Changes in Temperate Forest Plant Diversity Vary across Spatial Scales},
  author = {Bernhardt-Römermann, Markus and Baeten, Lander and Craven, Dylan and De Frenne, Pieter and Hédl, Radim and Lenoir, Jonathan and Bert, Didier and Brunet, Jörg and Chudomelová, Markéta and Decocq, Guillaume and Dierschke, Hartmut and Dirnböck, Thomas and Dörfler, Inken and Heinken, Thilo and Hermy, Martin and Hommel, Patrick and Jaroszewicz, Bogdan and Keczyński, Andrzej and Kelly, Daniel L. and Kirby, Keith J. and Kopecký, Martin and Macek, Martin and Máliš, František and Mirtl, Michael and Mitchell, Fraser J. G. and Naaf, Tobias and Newman, Miles and Peterken, George and Petř́ık, Petr and Schmidt, Wolfgang and Standovár, Tibor and Tóth, Zoltán and Calster, Hans V. and Verstraeten, Gorik and Vladovič, Jozef and Vild, Ondřej and Wulf, Monika and Verheyen, Kris},
  date = {2015-10},
  journaltitle = {Global Change Biology},
  volume = {21},
  pages = {3726--3737},
  issn = {1365-2486},
  doi = {10.1111/gcb.12993},
  url = {https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12993},
  abstract = {Global biodiversity is affected by numerous environmental drivers. Yet, the extent to which global environmental changes contribute to changes in local diversity is poorly understood. We investigated biodiversity changes in a meta-analysis of 39 resurvey studies in European temperate forests (3988 vegetation records in total, 17-75~years between the two surveys) by assessing the importance of (i) coarse-resolution (i.e., among sites) vs. fine-resolution (i.e., within sites) environmental differences and (ii) changing environmental conditions between surveys. Our results clarify the mechanisms underlying the direction and magnitude of local-scale biodiversity changes. While not detecting any net local diversity loss, we observed considerable among-site variation, partly explained by temporal changes in light availability (a local driver) and density of large herbivores (a regional driver). Furthermore, strong evidence was found that presurvey levels of nitrogen deposition determined subsequent diversity changes. We conclude that models forecasting future biodiversity changes should consider coarse-resolution environmental changes, account for differences in baseline environmental conditions and for local changes in fine-resolution environmental conditions.},
  keywords = {*imported-from-citeulike-INRMM,~INRMM-MiD:c-13840222,biodiversity,forest-resources,local-scale,multi-scale,temperate-forests},
  number = {10}
}
Downloads: 0