A Sociolinguistic Investigation of the Speech of African American Preschoolers. Bleile, K. M. & Wallach, H. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 1(2):54–62, January, 1992.
A Sociolinguistic Investigation of the Speech of African American Preschoolers [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
In this study we attempted to investigate aspects of the sociolinguistic environment of African American preschoolers. Specifically, preschool teachers were asked to identify African American preschoolers who "have trouble speaking." Subsequently, speech-language pathologists analyzed samples of the children’s speech to isolate the speech patterns that may have corresponded to the teacher’s judgments. Subjects included 27 children who were enrolled in an inner city Head Start program. Head Start teachers belonging to the same race and community as the children acted as judges. The analysis yielded a number of speech patterns that distinguished the children judged to have trouble speaking from children judged to have no difficulties in speaking.
@article{bleile_sociolinguistic_1992,
	title = {A {Sociolinguistic} {Investigation} of the {Speech} of {African} {American} {Preschoolers}},
	volume = {1},
	issn = {1058-0360, 1558-9110},
	url = {http://pubs.asha.org/doi/10.1044/1058-0360.0102.54},
	doi = {10.1044/1058-0360.0102.54},
	abstract = {In this study we attempted to investigate aspects of the sociolinguistic environment of African American preschoolers. Specifically, preschool teachers were asked to identify African American preschoolers who "have trouble speaking." Subsequently, speech-language pathologists analyzed samples of the children’s speech to isolate the speech patterns that may have corresponded to the teacher’s judgments. Subjects included 27 children who were enrolled in an inner city Head Start program. Head Start teachers belonging to the same race and community as the children acted as judges. The analysis yielded a number of speech patterns that distinguished the children judged to have trouble speaking from children judged to have no difficulties in speaking.},
	language = {en},
	number = {2},
	urldate = {2020-04-29},
	journal = {American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology},
	author = {Bleile, Ken M. and Wallach, Hillary},
	month = jan,
	year = {1992},
	keywords = {Child AAE, Speech Pathology},
	pages = {54--62},
}
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