High Level of Genetic Differentiation of Juniperus Phoenicea (Cupressaceae) in the Mediterranean Region: Geographic Implications. Boratyński, A.; Lewandowski, A.; Boratyńska, K.; Montserrat, J.; and Romo, A. 277(3-4):163–172.
High Level of Genetic Differentiation of Juniperus Phoenicea (Cupressaceae) in the Mediterranean Region: Geographic Implications [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Fourteen natural populations of Juniperus phoenicea L. from the quite entire species range have been compared using isoenzyme polymorphism. Among 17 loci, 5 (Got1, 6Pgd3, Pgi2, Pgm2 and Shdh2) appeared to be differentiated sufficiently to provide useful information for discrimination between the subspecies phoenicea and turbinata (Guss.) Nyman. Two distinct groups of populations were detected using the Nei's genetic distance unweighted pair group method with arithmetic mean (UPGMA) and discrimination analyses, one including the inland populations of the eastern Iberian Peninsula and southern France (subsp. phoenicea), and the second from the Mediterranean and Atlantic shores, and from the Atlas mountains in Africa (subsp. turbinata). The high level of differences confirms a long period of isolation, probably during the whole Pleistocene. The population from the Aegean Sea shore differed from the other Mediterranean shore plus Atlas mountain population. It also suggests spatial isolation between them, at least during the last Glaciation.
@article{boratynskiHighLevelGenetic2009,
  title = {High Level of Genetic Differentiation of {{Juniperus}} Phoenicea ({{Cupressaceae}}) in the {{Mediterranean}} Region: Geographic Implications},
  author = {Boratyński, Adam and Lewandowski, Andrzej and Boratyńska, Krystyna and Montserrat, JoseM and Romo, Angel},
  date = {2009},
  journaltitle = {Plant Systematics and Evolution},
  volume = {277},
  pages = {163--172},
  doi = {10.1007/s00606-008-0122-z},
  url = {http://mfkp.org/INRMM/article/3864208},
  abstract = {Fourteen natural populations of Juniperus phoenicea L. from the quite entire species range have been compared using isoenzyme polymorphism. Among 17 loci, 5 (Got1, 6Pgd3, Pgi2, Pgm2 and Shdh2) appeared to be differentiated sufficiently to provide useful information for discrimination between the subspecies phoenicea and turbinata (Guss.) Nyman. Two distinct groups of populations were detected using the Nei's genetic distance unweighted pair group method with arithmetic mean (UPGMA) and discrimination analyses, one including the inland populations of the eastern Iberian Peninsula and southern France (subsp. phoenicea), and the second from the Mediterranean and Atlantic shores, and from the Atlas mountains in Africa (subsp. turbinata). The high level of differences confirms a long period of isolation, probably during the whole Pleistocene. The population from the Aegean Sea shore differed from the other Mediterranean shore plus Atlas mountain population. It also suggests spatial isolation between them, at least during the last Glaciation.},
  keywords = {*imported-from-citeulike-INRMM,~INRMM-MiD:c-3864208,~to-add-doi-URL,forest-resources,juniperus-phoenicea,mediterranean-region,phylogenetics},
  number = {3-4}
}
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