Improving the TROPOMI CO data product: update of the spectroscopic database and destriping of single orbits. Borsdorff, T., aan de Brugh, J., Schneider, A., Lorente, A., Birk, M., Wagner, G., Kivi, R., Hase, F., Feist, D. G., Sussmann, R., Rettinger, M., Wunch, D., Warneke, T., & Landgraf, J. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 12(10):5443–5455, October, 2019.
Improving the TROPOMI CO data product: update of the spectroscopic database and destriping of single orbits [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Abstract. On 13 October 2017, the Tropospheric Monitoring Instrument (TROPOMI) was launched on the Copernicus Sentinel-5 Precursor satellite in a sun-synchronous orbit. One of the mission's operational data products is the total column concentration of carbon monoxide (CO), which was released to the public in July 2018. The current TROPOMI CO processing uses the HITRAN 2008 spectroscopic data with updated water vapor spectroscopy and produces a CO data product compliant with the mission requirement of 10 % precision and 15 % accuracy for single soundings. Comparison with ground-based CO observations of the Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) show systematic differences of about 6.2 ppb and single-orbit observations are superimposed by a significant striping pattern along the flight path exceeding 5 ppb. In this study, we discuss possible improvements of the CO data product. We found that the molecular spectroscopic data used in the retrieval plays a key role for the data quality where the use of the Scientific Exploitation of Operational Missions – Improved Atmospheric Spectroscopy Databases (SEOM-IAS) and the HITRAN 2012 and 2016 releases reduce the bias between TROPOMI and TCCON due to improved CH4 spectroscopy. SEOM-IAS achieves the best spectral fit quality (root-mean-square, rms, differences between the simulated and measured spectrum) of 1.5×10-10 mol s−1 m−2 nm−1 sr−1 and reduces the bias between TROPOMI and TCCON to 3.4 ppb, while HITRAN 2012 and HITRAN 2016 decrease the bias even further below 1 ppb. HITRAN 2012 shows the worst fit quality (rms = 2.5×10-10 mol s−1 m−2 nm−1 sr−1) of the tested cross sections and furthermore introduces an artificial bias of about -1.5×1017 molec cm−2 between TROPOMI CO and the CAMS-IFS model in the Tropics caused by the H2O spectroscopic data. Moreover, analyzing 1 year of TROPOMI CO observations, we identified increased striping patterns by about 16 % percent from November 2017 to November 2018. For that, we defined a measure γ, quantifying the relative pixel-to-pixel variation in CO in the cross-track and along-track directions. To mitigate this effect, we discuss two destriping methods applied to the CO data a posteriori. A destriping mask calculated per orbit by median filtering of the data in the cross-track direction significantly reduced the stripe pattern from γ=2.1 to γ=1.6. However, the destriping can be further improved, achieving γ=1.2 by deploying a Fourier analysis and filtering of the data, which not only corrects for stripe patterns in the cross-track direction but also accounts for the variability of stripes along the flight path.
@article{borsdorff_improving_2019,
	title = {Improving the {TROPOMI} {CO} data product: update of the spectroscopic database and destriping of single orbits},
	volume = {12},
	issn = {1867-8548},
	shorttitle = {Improving the {TROPOMI} {CO} data product},
	url = {https://amt.copernicus.org/articles/12/5443/2019/},
	doi = {10.5194/amt-12-5443-2019},
	abstract = {Abstract. On 13 October 2017, the Tropospheric Monitoring Instrument
(TROPOMI) was launched on the Copernicus Sentinel-5
Precursor satellite in a sun-synchronous orbit. One of the
mission's operational data products is the total column
concentration of carbon monoxide (CO), which was released
to the public in July 2018. The current TROPOMI CO
processing uses the HITRAN 2008 spectroscopic data with
updated water vapor spectroscopy and produces a CO data
product compliant with the mission requirement of 10 \%
precision and 15 \% accuracy for single soundings.
Comparison with ground-based CO observations of the Total
Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) show systematic
differences of about 6.2 ppb and single-orbit
observations are superimposed by a significant striping
pattern along the flight path exceeding 5 ppb. In this
study, we discuss possible improvements of the CO data
product. We found that the molecular spectroscopic data
used in the retrieval plays a key role for the data
quality where the use of the Scientific Exploitation of
Operational Missions – Improved Atmospheric Spectroscopy
Databases (SEOM-IAS) and the HITRAN 2012 and 2016 releases
reduce the bias between TROPOMI and TCCON due to improved
CH4 spectroscopy. SEOM-IAS achieves the best
spectral fit quality (root-mean-square, rms,
differences between the simulated and measured spectrum)
of 1.5×10-10 mol s−1 m−2 nm−1 sr−1 and reduces the bias between TROPOMI and TCCON to
3.4 ppb, while HITRAN 2012 and HITRAN 2016 decrease the
bias even further below 1 ppb. HITRAN 2012 shows the
worst fit quality (rms = 2.5×10-10 mol s−1 m−2 nm−1 sr−1) of the tested cross sections
and furthermore introduces an artificial bias of about
-1.5×1017 molec cm−2 between TROPOMI CO and
the CAMS-IFS model in the Tropics caused by the H2O
spectroscopic data. Moreover, analyzing 1 year of
TROPOMI CO observations, we identified increased striping
patterns by about 16 \% percent from November 2017 to
November 2018. For that, we defined a measure γ,
quantifying the relative pixel-to-pixel variation in CO in the
cross-track and along-track directions.
To mitigate this effect, we discuss two
destriping methods applied to the CO data a posteriori.
A destriping mask calculated per orbit by median filtering
of the data in the cross-track direction significantly
reduced the stripe pattern from γ=2.1 to γ=1.6.
However,
the destriping can be further improved, achieving γ=1.2 by
deploying a Fourier analysis and filtering of the
data, which not only corrects for stripe patterns in the
cross-track direction but also accounts for the
variability of stripes along the flight path.},
	language = {en},
	number = {10},
	urldate = {2020-09-24},
	journal = {Atmospheric Measurement Techniques},
	author = {Borsdorff, Tobias and aan de Brugh, Joost and Schneider, Andreas and Lorente, Alba and Birk, Manfred and Wagner, Georg and Kivi, Rigel and Hase, Frank and Feist, Dietrich G. and Sussmann, Ralf and Rettinger, Markus and Wunch, Debra and Warneke, Thorsten and Landgraf, Jochen},
	month = oct,
	year = {2019},
	pages = {5443--5455},
}

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