The mammalian phosphate carrier SLC25A3 is a mitochondrial copper transporter required for cytochrome c oxidase biogenesis. Boulet, A; Vest, K.; Maynard, M.; Gammon, M.; Russell, A.; Mathews, A.; Cole, S.; Zhu, X; Phillips, C.; Kwong, J.; Dodani, S.; Leary, S.; and Cobine, P. J Biol Chem, 293(6):1887–1896.
The mammalian phosphate carrier SLC25A3 is a mitochondrial copper transporter required for cytochrome c oxidase biogenesis. [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Copper is required for the activity of cytochrome c oxidase (COX), the terminal electron-accepting complex of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. The likely source of copper used for COX biogenesis is a labile pool found in the mitochondrial matrix. In mammals, the proteins that transport copper across the inner mitochondrial membrane remain unknown. We previously reported that the mitochondrial carrier family protein Pic2 in budding yeast is a copper importer. The closest Pic2 ortholog in mammalian cells is the mitochondrial phosphate carrier SLC25A3. Here, to investigate whether SLC25A3 also transports copper, we manipulated its expression in several murine and human cell lines. SLC25A3 knockdown or deletion consistently resulted in an isolated COX deficiency in these cells, and copper addition to the culture medium suppressed these biochemical defects. Consistent with a conserved role for SLC25A3 in copper transport, its heterologous expression in yeast complemented copper-specific defects observed upon deletion of PIC2 Additionally, assays in Lactococcus lactis and in reconstituted liposomes directly demonstrated that SLC25A3 functions as a copper transporter. Taken together, these data indicate that SLC25A3 can transport copper both in vitro and in vivo.
@article{boulet_mammalian_nodate,
	title = {The mammalian phosphate carrier {SLC}25A3 is a mitochondrial copper transporter required for cytochrome c oxidase biogenesis.},
	volume = {293},
	url = {https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29237729},
	doi = {10.1074/jbc.RA117.000265},
	abstract = {Copper is required for the activity of cytochrome c oxidase (COX), the terminal electron-accepting complex of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. The likely source of copper used for COX biogenesis is a labile pool found in the mitochondrial matrix. In mammals, the proteins that transport copper across the inner mitochondrial membrane remain unknown. We previously reported that the mitochondrial carrier family protein Pic2 in budding yeast is a copper importer. The closest Pic2 ortholog in mammalian cells is the mitochondrial phosphate carrier SLC25A3. Here, to investigate whether SLC25A3 also transports copper, we manipulated its expression in several murine and human cell lines. SLC25A3 knockdown or deletion consistently resulted in an isolated COX deficiency in these cells, and copper addition to the culture medium suppressed these biochemical defects. Consistent with a conserved role for SLC25A3 in copper transport, its heterologous expression in yeast complemented copper-specific defects observed upon deletion of PIC2 Additionally, assays in Lactococcus lactis and in reconstituted liposomes directly demonstrated that SLC25A3 functions as a copper transporter. Taken together, these data indicate that SLC25A3 can transport copper both in vitro and in vivo.},
	language = {eng},
	number = {6},
	journal = {J Biol Chem},
	author = {Boulet, A and Vest, KE and Maynard, MK and Gammon, MG and Russell, AC and Mathews, AT and Cole, SE and Zhu, X and Phillips, CB and Kwong, JQ and Dodani, SC and Leary, SC and Cobine, PA},
	keywords = {mitochondria},
	pages = {1887--1896}
}
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