Ethics in OR/MS: Past, Present and Future. Brans, J. and Gallo, G. 2(2):95–110.
Ethics in OR/MS: Past, Present and Future [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
The pervasiveness and impact on society and on every day human life of technology has led to a growing awareness that science and technology cannot be considered above or beyond the realm of value judgements and hence of ethics. This is especially true for Operations Research / Management Science (OR/MS), that particular science which is concerned with methodologies for scientifically deciding how to design and operate man-machine systems in an optimal way, usually under conditions requiring the allocation of scarce resources. Here we try to give a historical account of the growing interest for ethics within the OR/MS community from its birth to present days. Starting from attempts to define models and codes of ethical behaviour in our profession, the OR/MS community has arrived at more fundamental questions about the ethical responsibility it faces in a world of growing inequalities and in which the ever greater stress that human activities impose on the environment puts at risk the very survival of human kind.
@article{bransEthicsMSPresent2004,
  title = {Ethics in {{OR}}/{{MS}}: Past, Present and Future},
  author = {Brans, Jean-Pierre and Gallo, Giorgio},
  date = {2004-07},
  journaltitle = {4OR: A Quarterly Journal of Operations Research},
  volume = {2},
  pages = {95--110},
  issn = {1619-4500},
  doi = {10.1007/s10288-004-0039-5},
  url = {https://doi.org/10.1007/s10288-004-0039-5},
  abstract = {The pervasiveness and impact on society and on every day human life of technology has led to a growing awareness that science and technology cannot be considered above or beyond the realm of value judgements and hence of ethics. This is especially true for Operations Research / Management Science (OR/MS), that particular science which is concerned with methodologies for scientifically deciding how to design and operate man-machine systems in an optimal way, usually under conditions requiring the allocation of scarce resources. Here we try to give a historical account of the growing interest for ethics within the OR/MS community from its birth to present days. Starting from attempts to define models and codes of ethical behaviour in our profession, the OR/MS community has arrived at more fundamental questions about the ethical responsibility it faces in a world of growing inequalities and in which the ever greater stress that human activities impose on the environment puts at risk the very survival of human kind.},
  keywords = {*imported-from-citeulike-INRMM,~INRMM-MiD:c-11697109,integration-techniques,optimisation,science-based-decision-making,science-ethics,science-policy-interface,scientific-communication},
  number = {2}
}
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