Impact of El Niño-Southern Oscillation on European Climate. Brönnimann, S. 45(3):n/a.
Impact of El Niño-Southern Oscillation on European Climate [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is arguably the most important global climate pattern. While the effects in the Pacific-North American sector and the tropical regions are relatively well understood, the impacts on the circulation in the North Atlantic-European sector are discussed more controversially. Studies from the past 10 years demonstrate that ENSO does affect European climate. However, some of the effects undergo a seasonal modulation or are nonlinear. The signal can be modified by other factors and might be nonstationary on multidecadal scales, contributing to a large interevent variability. Here I review observational and model-based evidence for ENSO's effect on European climate and discuss possible mechanisms, also including troposphere-stratosphere coupling. The paper ends with a schematic depiction of the effects and a discussion of their relevance with respect to our scientific understanding of the climate system and of their relevance for seasonal climate forecasts.
@article{bronnimannImpactNinoSouthernOscillation2007,
  title = {Impact of {{El Niño}}-{{Southern Oscillation}} on {{European}} Climate},
  author = {Brönnimann, S.},
  date = {2007-09},
  journaltitle = {Reviews of Geophysics},
  volume = {45},
  pages = {n/a},
  issn = {8755-1209},
  doi = {10.1029/2006rg000199},
  url = {https://doi.org/10.1029/2006rg000199},
  abstract = {El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is arguably the most important global climate pattern. While the effects in the Pacific-North American sector and the tropical regions are relatively well understood, the impacts on the circulation in the North Atlantic-European sector are discussed more controversially. Studies from the past 10 years demonstrate that ENSO does affect European climate. However, some of the effects undergo a seasonal modulation or are nonlinear. The signal can be modified by other factors and might be nonstationary on multidecadal scales, contributing to a large interevent variability. Here I review observational and model-based evidence for ENSO's effect on European climate and discuss possible mechanisms, also including troposphere-stratosphere coupling. The paper ends with a schematic depiction of the effects and a discussion of their relevance with respect to our scientific understanding of the climate system and of their relevance for seasonal climate forecasts.},
  keywords = {*imported-from-citeulike-INRMM,~INRMM-MiD:c-8316427,anomaly-detection,climate,droughts,enso,europe,feedback,precipitation},
  number = {3}
}
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