Does the Terrestrial Biosphere Have Planetary Tipping Points?. Brook, B. W.; Ellis, E. C.; Perring, M. P.; Mackay, A. W.; and Blomqvist, L. 28(7):396–401.
Does the Terrestrial Biosphere Have Planetary Tipping Points? [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Tipping points where systems shift radically and potentially irreversibly into a different state have received considerable attention in ecology. Although there is convincing evidence that human drivers can cause regime shifts at local and regional scales, the increasingly invoked concept of planetary scale tipping points in the terrestrial biosphere remains unconfirmed. By evaluating potential mechanisms and drivers, we conclude that spatial heterogeneity in drivers and responses, and lack of strong continental interconnectivity, probably induce relatively smooth changes at the global scale, without an expectation of marked tipping patterns. This implies that identifying critical points along global continua of drivers might be unfeasible and that characterizing global biotic change with single aggregates is inapt.
@article{brookDoesTerrestrialBiosphere2013,
  title = {Does the Terrestrial Biosphere Have Planetary Tipping Points?},
  author = {Brook, Barry W. and Ellis, Erle C. and Perring, Michael P. and Mackay, Anson W. and Blomqvist, Linus},
  date = {2013-07},
  journaltitle = {Trends in Ecology \& Evolution},
  volume = {28},
  pages = {396--401},
  issn = {0169-5347},
  doi = {10.1016/j.tree.2013.01.016},
  url = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2013.01.016},
  abstract = {Tipping points where systems shift radically and potentially irreversibly into a different state have received considerable attention in ecology. Although there is convincing evidence that human drivers can cause regime shifts at local and regional scales, the increasingly invoked concept of planetary scale tipping points in the terrestrial biosphere remains unconfirmed. By evaluating potential mechanisms and drivers, we conclude that spatial heterogeneity in drivers and responses, and lack of strong continental interconnectivity, probably induce relatively smooth changes at the global scale, without an expectation of marked tipping patterns. This implies that identifying critical points along global continua of drivers might be unfeasible and that characterizing global biotic change with single aggregates is inapt.},
  keywords = {*imported-from-citeulike-INRMM,~INRMM-MiD:c-12090029,asynchronous-change,connectivity,fragmentation,global-change,global-scale,local-scale,multi-scale,smooth-transition,tipping-point},
  number = {7}
}
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