Availability of antidotes in 70 hospitals in Catalonia, Spain. Broto-Sumalla, A., Rabanal-Tornero, M., García-Peláez, M., Aguilar-Salmerón, R., Fernández de Gamarra-Martínez, E., Martínez-Sánchez, L., Gaspar-Caro, M., & Nogué-Xarau, S. Medicina Clinica, 150(1):16–19, 2018.
doi  abstract   bibtex   
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Antidotes may have a relevant role in acute intoxication management and the time until its administration can influence patient survival. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Study conducted by a questionnaire sent in early 2015 to 70 hospitals in Catalonia providing emergency services. Qualitative availability on each antidote was considered adequate when present in at least 80% of hospitals. The quantitative availability was considered adequate when at least 80% of hospitals had the number of units of antidote recommended. RESULTS: Lower complexity hospitals (level A) showed a percentage of adequate qualitative and quantitative availability of 66.7 and 42.9% respectively. In higher complexity hospitals (level B) qualitative and quantitative availability was adequate in 64.5 and 38.7% of the antidotes respectively. Data showed no differences between the different health regions as well as a positive correlation (p\textless.05) between the number of emergencies attended and the percentage of adequate qualitative availability. CONCLUSIONS: The availability of antidotes in Catalonia hospitals is generally low and shows differences across health regions and depending on level of complexity.
@article{broto-sumalla_availability_2018,
	title = {Availability of antidotes in 70 hospitals in {Catalonia}, {Spain}},
	volume = {150},
	issn = {1578-8989},
	doi = {10.1016/j.medcli.2017.05.037},
	abstract = {BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Antidotes may have a relevant role in acute intoxication management and the time until its administration can influence patient survival.
PATIENTS AND METHOD: Study conducted by a questionnaire sent in early 2015 to 70 hospitals in Catalonia providing emergency services. Qualitative availability on each antidote was considered adequate when present in at least 80\% of hospitals. The quantitative availability was considered adequate when at least 80\% of hospitals had the number of units of antidote recommended.
RESULTS: Lower complexity hospitals (level A) showed a percentage of adequate qualitative and quantitative availability of 66.7 and 42.9\% respectively. In higher complexity hospitals (level B) qualitative and quantitative availability was adequate in 64.5 and 38.7\% of the antidotes respectively. Data showed no differences between the different health regions as well as a positive correlation (p{\textless}.05) between the number of emergencies attended and the percentage of adequate qualitative availability.
CONCLUSIONS: The availability of antidotes in Catalonia hospitals is generally low and shows differences across health regions and depending on level of complexity.},
	language = {eng, spa},
	number = {1},
	journal = {Medicina Clinica},
	author = {Broto-Sumalla, Antoni and Rabanal-Tornero, Manel and García-Peláez, Milagros and Aguilar-Salmerón, Raquel and Fernández de Gamarra-Martínez, Edurne and Martínez-Sánchez, Lídia and Gaspar-Caro, María-José and Nogué-Xarau, Santiago},
	year = {2018},
	pmid = {28705416},
	keywords = {Acute poisoning, Antidotes, Antidotes stock, Antídoto, Article, Availability of antidotes, Botiquín de antídotos, Disponibilidad de antídotos, Farmàcia, Intoxicación aguda},
	pages = {16--19},
}

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