A temporally controlled sigma-factor is required for polar morphogenesis and normal cell division in Caulobacter. Brun, Y V & Shapiro, L Genes & development, 6(12A):2395--2408, December, 1992.
abstract   bibtex   
The transcription of many spatially and temporally controlled flagellar structural genes in Caulobacter requires the RNA polymerase sigma 54 subunit. Like flagellar biogenesis, stalk formation is an asymmetric polar morphogenesis that occurs once each cell cycle in response to internal cell cycle signals. We have isolated the sigma 54 gene (rpoN) and describe here a novel role for this alternative sigma-factor in cell differentiation: It is required for the biogenesis of both polar structures, and the disruption of the rpoN gene results in aberrant cell division. Surprisingly, the transcription of rpoN is temporally regulated during the cell cycle; it increases 10-fold commensurate with stalk formation and just before the onset of flagellar gene expression. These results suggest that sigma 54 abundance responds to cell cycle cues and is involved in the global timing of the central events of Caulobacter development, whereas the transcriptional activators of sigma 54-dependent promoters are responsible for the refined control of the expression of individual or small groups of genes required for each specific event.
@article{brun_temporally_1992,
	title = {A temporally controlled sigma-factor is required for polar morphogenesis and normal cell division in {Caulobacter}},
	volume = {6},
	issn = {0890-9369},
	abstract = {The transcription of many spatially and temporally controlled flagellar structural genes in Caulobacter requires the RNA polymerase sigma 54 subunit. Like flagellar biogenesis, stalk formation is an asymmetric polar morphogenesis that occurs once each cell cycle in response to internal cell cycle signals. We have isolated the sigma 54 gene (rpoN) and describe here a novel role for this alternative sigma-factor in cell differentiation: It is required for the biogenesis of both polar structures, and the disruption of the rpoN gene results in aberrant cell division. Surprisingly, the transcription of rpoN is temporally regulated during the cell cycle; it increases 10-fold commensurate with stalk formation and just before the onset of flagellar gene expression. These results suggest that sigma 54 abundance responds to cell cycle cues and is involved in the global timing of the central events of Caulobacter development, whereas the transcriptional activators of sigma 54-dependent promoters are responsible for the refined control of the expression of individual or small groups of genes required for each specific event.},
	number = {12A},
	journal = {Genes \& development},
	author = {Brun, Y V and Shapiro, L},
	month = dec,
	year = {1992},
	pmid = {1459461},
	keywords = {Amino Acid Sequence, Base Sequence, Caulobacter, Cell Division, DNA, Bacterial, DNA-Binding Proteins, DNA-Directed RNA Polymerases, Flagella, Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial, Genetic Complementation Test, Molecular Sequence Data, Morphogenesis, Mutation, Nitrogen, Phenotype, Phosphates, RNA Polymerase Sigma 54, Sequence Homology, Amino Acid, Sigma Factor},
	pages = {2395--2408}
}
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