A high resolution study of the effect of morphology on the mass spectra of single PSL particles with Na-containing layers and nodules. Cai, Y., Zelenyuk, A., & Imre, D. Aerosol Science and Technology, 40(12):1111-1122, 2006.
A high resolution study of the effect of morphology on the mass spectra of single PSL particles with Na-containing layers and nodules [link]Website  abstract   bibtex   
The interpretation and quantification of measurements of particle composition by laser ablation based single particle mass spectrometry is complex. Among the most difficult systems to quantify are internally mixed particles containing alkali metals and organics. The alkali atoms in such particles tend to suppress the formation of other ions sometimes to below the detection limit. Here we present a study of the behavior of single particle mass spectral peak intensities as a function of the amount of the sodium containing compounds deposited on the surface of 240 nm polystyrene latex (PSL) spheres. We generate three morphologically distinct and well defined coating types: uniform layers, cubic nodules and rounded nodules, and measure the individual particle mass spectra as a function of the vacuum aerodynamic diameter with nanometer resolution. The data show that the probability of detecting the PSL spheres depends on the amount of the alkali metal on the PSL sphere surface, its morphological distribution and the ablation laser power. The data suggest that PSL spheres with localized Na-containing nodules are easier to detect than those which are completely encapsulated. We show, for example, that at low laser power, PSL particles that are completely encapsulated with Na-containing compounds, whose weight fraction is close to 50%, cannot be detected, while 35% of PSL spheres with same amount of coating can be detected if coating is localized in nodules on a fraction of the particle surface.
@article{
 title = {A high resolution study of the effect of morphology on the mass spectra of single PSL particles with Na-containing layers and nodules},
 type = {article},
 year = {2006},
 keywords = {aerosol-particles,carbon,chemical-composition,density,distributions,laser desorption/ionization,pittsburgh,size,spectrometer,submicron particles},
 pages = {1111-1122},
 volume = {40},
 websites = {<Go to ISI>://000242715700007},
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 notes = {Times Cited: 2<br/>Article<br/>English<br/>Cited References Count: 31<br/>115dt},
 abstract = {The interpretation and quantification of measurements of particle composition by laser ablation based single particle mass spectrometry is complex. Among the most difficult systems to quantify are internally mixed particles containing alkali metals and organics. The alkali atoms in such particles tend to suppress the formation of other ions sometimes to below the detection limit. Here we present a study of the behavior of single particle mass spectral peak intensities as a function of the amount of the sodium containing compounds deposited on the surface of 240 nm polystyrene latex (PSL) spheres. We generate three morphologically distinct and well defined coating types: uniform layers, cubic nodules and rounded nodules, and measure the individual particle mass spectra as a function of the vacuum aerodynamic diameter with nanometer resolution. The data show that the probability of detecting the PSL spheres depends on the amount of the alkali metal on the PSL sphere surface, its morphological distribution and the ablation laser power. The data suggest that PSL spheres with localized Na-containing nodules are easier to detect than those which are completely encapsulated. We show, for example, that at low laser power, PSL particles that are completely encapsulated with Na-containing compounds, whose weight fraction is close to 50%, cannot be detected, while 35% of PSL spheres with same amount of coating can be detected if coating is localized in nodules on a fraction of the particle surface.},
 bibtype = {article},
 author = {Cai, Y and Zelenyuk, A and Imre, D},
 journal = {Aerosol Science and Technology},
 number = {12}
}
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