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Purpose: The longitudinal relaxation rate (R1) measured in vivo depends on the local microstructural properties of the tissue, such as macromolecular, iron, and water content. Here, we use whole brain multiparametric in vivo data and a general linear relaxometry model to describe the dependence of R1 on these components. We explore a) the validity of having a single fixed set of model coefficients for the whole brain and b) the stability of the model coefficients in a large cohort. Methods: Maps of magnetization transfer (MT) and effective transverse relaxation rate (R2*) were used as surrogates for macromolecular and iron content, respectively. Spatial variations in these parameters reflected variations in underlying tissue microstructure. A linear model was applied to the whole brain, including gray/ white matter and deep brain structures, to determine the global model coefficients. Synthetic R1 values were then calculated using these coefficients and compared with the measured R1 maps. Results: The model’s validity was demonstrated by correspondence between the synthetic and measured R1 values and by high stability of the model coefficients across a large cohort. Conclusion: A single set of global coefficients can be used to relate R1, MT, and R2* across the whole brain. Our population study demonstrates the robustness and stability of the model.

@article{callaghan_general_2015, title = {A general linear relaxometry model of {R} $_{\textrm{1}}$ using imaging data: {General} {Linear} {Relaxometry} {Model} of {R1}}, volume = {73}, issn = {07403194}, shorttitle = {A general linear relaxometry model of {R} $_{\textrm{1}}$ using imaging data}, url = {http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/mrm.25210}, doi = {10.1002/mrm.25210}, abstract = {Purpose: The longitudinal relaxation rate (R1) measured in vivo depends on the local microstructural properties of the tissue, such as macromolecular, iron, and water content. Here, we use whole brain multiparametric in vivo data and a general linear relaxometry model to describe the dependence of R1 on these components. We explore a) the validity of having a single fixed set of model coefficients for the whole brain and b) the stability of the model coefficients in a large cohort. Methods: Maps of magnetization transfer (MT) and effective transverse relaxation rate (R2*) were used as surrogates for macromolecular and iron content, respectively. Spatial variations in these parameters reflected variations in underlying tissue microstructure. A linear model was applied to the whole brain, including gray/ white matter and deep brain structures, to determine the global model coefficients. Synthetic R1 values were then calculated using these coefficients and compared with the measured R1 maps. Results: The model’s validity was demonstrated by correspondence between the synthetic and measured R1 values and by high stability of the model coefficients across a large cohort. Conclusion: A single set of global coefficients can be used to relate R1, MT, and R2* across the whole brain. Our population study demonstrates the robustness and stability of the model.}, language = {en}, number = {3}, urldate = {2021-02-12}, journal = {Magnetic Resonance in Medicine}, author = {Callaghan, Martina F. and Helms, Gunther and Lutti, Antoine and Mohammadi, Siawoosh and Weiskopf, Nikolaus}, month = mar, year = {2015}, pages = {1309--1314}, }

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