Southern elephant seal trajectories, fronts and eddies in the Brazil/Malvinas Confluence. Campagna, C., Piola, A., R., Rosamarin, M., Lewis, M., & Fernández, T. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 53(12):1907-1924, 12, 2006.
Southern elephant seal trajectories, fronts and eddies in the Brazil/Malvinas Confluence [link]Website  abstract   bibtex   
This study describes the association between transient, mesoscale hydrographic features along the axis of the Brazil–Malvinas Confluence, in the SW Atlantic, and the foraging behavior of 2–3-year-old (focal) juvenile southern elephant seals, Mirounga leonina , from Península Valdés, Argentina. Departing from the dominant pattern of foraging on predictable bathymetric fronts on the Patagonian shelf and slope, three females out of 12 satellite-tracked juveniles remained at the edge of young warm-core eddies and near the outer core of cold-core eddies, coinciding with the most productive areas of these temperature fronts. Seal trajectories along high-temperature gradients were always consistent with the speed and direction of surface currents inferred from the temperature distribution and confirmed by surface drifters. Movements of foraging seals were compared with those of surface drifters, coinciding in time and space and yielding independent and consistent data on regional water circulation parameters. The diving pattern recorded for one focal seal yielded shallower dives and a loose diel pattern in the eddy, and a marked diurnal cycle compatible with foraging on vertically migrating prey in the cold waters of the Malvinas Current. Pre-reproductive females that use the mesoscale fronts of the Argentine Basin as an alternative foraging area would benefit from lower competition with more experienced seals and with other top predators that reproduce along the coast of Patagonia.
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 title = {Southern elephant seal trajectories, fronts and eddies in the Brazil/Malvinas Confluence},
 type = {article},
 year = {2006},
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 keywords = {crn2076},
 pages = {1907-1924},
 volume = {53},
 websites = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2006.08.015,citeulike-article-id:6795667},
 month = {12},
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 abstract = {This study describes the association between transient, mesoscale hydrographic features along the axis of the Brazil–Malvinas Confluence, in the SW Atlantic, and the foraging behavior of 2–3-year-old (focal) juvenile southern elephant seals, Mirounga leonina , from Península Valdés, Argentina. Departing from the dominant pattern of foraging on predictable bathymetric fronts on the Patagonian shelf and slope, three females out of 12 satellite-tracked juveniles remained at the edge of young warm-core eddies and near the outer core of cold-core eddies, coinciding with the most productive areas of these temperature fronts. Seal trajectories along high-temperature gradients were always consistent with the speed and direction of surface currents inferred from the temperature distribution and confirmed by surface drifters. Movements of foraging seals were compared with those of surface drifters, coinciding in time and space and yielding independent and consistent data on regional water circulation parameters. The diving pattern recorded for one focal seal yielded shallower dives and a loose diel pattern in the eddy, and a marked diurnal cycle compatible with foraging on vertically migrating prey in the cold waters of the Malvinas Current. Pre-reproductive females that use the mesoscale fronts of the Argentine Basin as an alternative foraging area would benefit from lower competition with more experienced seals and with other top predators that reproduce along the coast of Patagonia.},
 bibtype = {article},
 author = {Campagna, C and Piola, A R and Rosamarin, M and Lewis, M and Fernández, Teresita},
 journal = {Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers},
 number = {12}
}
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