Stigmatization over leprosy suffers. Chaidee, N. In Kim, S. D., Shin, H. J., Yoon, T., Kim, Y. R., & Hong, J., editors, volume 2, pages 417--428, Gwangju, Korea, October, 2006. The Executive Agency for Culture Cities, The Ministry of Culture & Tourism.
abstract   bibtex   
Leprosy is a chronic disease which is one of the most socially stigmatized diseases known today. Stigma on leprosy is the process leads the patients to be the outsiders or marginalized group of the community Sigma towards persons affected by leprosy and their families has also affected their quality of life due to its impact on mobility, interpersonal relationships, marriage, employment, leisure and social activities. Stigma has adverse consequences for leprosy control. Some patients would rather conceal their illness than suffer the social rejection of being stigmatized. This paper gives an overview of determinants of stigma and the process of stigmatization, and factors influencing stigma such as people’s attitude of fear and their rejection of people with leprosy, namely (i) visible deformities (ii) perceived incurability and chronic course of disease, (iii) perceived infectiousness and perceived bad origin of disease or religious myths in Thailand like it's caused from sin and the punishment of God. In addition to the social control policy at the beginning of the public health program to control the disease due to lacking of effective drug, the patients need to be segregated to prevent dispersion of contagious diseases. Leprosy known as being prejudiced in Thai society for long time. Nowadays leprosy cases is very small. Many people never seen leprosy patients directly but they have experiences from everyday use of language, there were several nonneutral discourse surrounds the daily usage words associated with leprosy embedded in term of leprosy, socialization which often produced and reproduced processes of socialization via family, school, and the mass media. These processes caused stigmatization in the past and perhaps for some years in the future. This study has recommendations for future research as follows. An understanding of the determinants of stigma and the process of stigmatization is essential step towards developing effective interventions to address stigma. More rigorous research design are needed such as the application of a holistic framework of psychological, cultural and behavioral models and theories, and the use of multivariate statistical technique to identify important independent predictors of stigma and the relative importance of each of these factors, cross cultural studies should be also carried out to compare factors that have led to the differing attitudes towards leprosy patients in different countries, and studies to design interventions programs targeting stigma.
@inproceedings{kim_stigmatization_2006,
	address = {Gwangju, Korea},
	title = {Stigmatization over leprosy suffers},
	volume = {2},
	abstract = {Leprosy is a chronic disease which is one of the most socially stigmatized diseases known today. Stigma on leprosy is the process leads the patients to be the outsiders or marginalized group of the community Sigma towards persons affected by leprosy and their families has also affected their quality of life due to its impact on mobility, interpersonal relationships, marriage, employment, leisure and social activities. Stigma has adverse consequences for leprosy control. Some patients would rather conceal their illness than suffer the social rejection of being stigmatized. This paper gives an overview of determinants of stigma and the process of stigmatization, and factors influencing stigma such as people’s attitude of fear and their rejection of people with leprosy, namely (i) visible deformities (ii) perceived incurability and chronic course of disease, (iii) perceived infectiousness and perceived bad origin of disease or religious myths in Thailand like it's caused from sin and the punishment of God. In addition to the social control policy at the beginning of the public health program to control the disease due to lacking of effective drug, the patients need to be segregated to prevent dispersion of contagious diseases. Leprosy known as being prejudiced in Thai society for long time. Nowadays leprosy cases is very small. Many people never seen leprosy patients directly but they have experiences from everyday use of language, there were several nonneutral discourse surrounds the daily usage words associated with leprosy embedded in term of leprosy, socialization which often produced and reproduced processes of socialization via family, school, and the mass media. These processes caused stigmatization in the past and perhaps for some years in the future. This study has recommendations for future research as follows. An understanding of the determinants of stigma and the process of stigmatization is essential step towards developing effective interventions to address stigma. More rigorous research design are needed such as the application of a holistic framework of psychological, cultural and behavioral models and theories, and the use of multivariate statistical technique to identify important independent predictors of stigma and the relative importance of each of these factors, cross cultural studies should be also carried out to compare factors that have led to the differing attitudes towards leprosy patients in different countries, and studies to design interventions programs targeting stigma.},
	language = {English},
	publisher = {The Executive Agency for Culture Cities, The Ministry of Culture \& Tourism},
	author = {Chaidee, Naruemol},
	editor = {Kim, Shin Dong and Shin, Hyun Joon and Yoon, Tae-Jin and Kim, Ye Ran and Hong, Jung-eun},
	month = oct,
	year = {2006},
	pages = {417--428}
}
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