Elderberry: Botany, Horticulture, Potential. Charlebois, D., Byers, P. L., Finn, C. E., & Thomas, A. L. In Horticultural Reviews, of Horticultural Reviews. Wiley.
Elderberry: Botany, Horticulture, Potential [pdf]Paper  abstract   bibtex   
INTRODUCTION The elderberry or elder (Sambucus ssp.) in production or growing wild in the northern hemisphere, may have the widest range of applications of all small fruits. Members of the genus Sambucus have a multitude of uses including: river bank stabilization and windbreaks (Paquet and Jutras 1996); wildlife food and refuge; ornamental, crafts and games; versatile human food source, and multi-purpose medicinal (Vallès et al. 2004). While the scientific documentation related to elderberries has increased over the last two decades, few reviews have been published. Martin and Mott (1997) reviewed the selection, cultivation, and management of American elderberry for wildlife and habitat management. More recently, the ecology of the European elderberry in the British Isles was thoroughly reviewed by Atkinson and Atkinson (2002). Finally, Charlebois (2007) reviewed the medicinal properties of elderberries, some of which were already mentioned in Dioscorides' Materia Medica written around the first century. Despite a well established commercial production in many countries of Europe and an increasing interest in North America, little attention has been paid to the horticultural aspects of this genus and its potential as a food and a medicinal crop. Recent works linking an antioxidant-rich diet to disease prevention (Prior 2003; Willcox et al. 2004; Scalbert et al. 2005; Zafra-Stone et al. 2007; Seeram 2008), along with the versatility of elderberry as a crop, a food, and a medicine, have generated a renewed interest in this genus. This paper reviews European and American elderberries.

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