Optimal Safe Controller Synthesis: A Density Function Approach. Chen, Y., Ahmadi, M., & Ames, A. D
This paper considers the synthesis of optimal safe controllers based on density functions. We present an algorithm for robust constrained optimal control synthesis using the duality relationship between the density function and the value function. The density function follows the Liouville equation and is the dual of the value function, which satisﬁes Bellman’s optimality principle. Thanks to density functions, constraints over the distribution of states, such as safety constraints, can be posed straightforwardly in an optimal control problem. The constrained optimal control problem is then solved with a primal-dual algorithm. This formulation is extended to the case with external disturbances, and we show that the robust constrained optimal control can be solved with a modiﬁed primal-dual algorithm. We apply this formulation to the problem of ﬁnding the optimal safe controller that minimizes the cumulative intervention. An adaptive cruise control (ACC) example is used to demonstrate the efﬁcacy of the proposed, wherein we compare the result of the density function approach with the conventional control barrier function (CBF) method.
@article{chen_optimal_nodate,
title = {Optimal {Safe} {Controller} {Synthesis}: {A} {Density} {Function} {Approach}},
abstract = {This paper considers the synthesis of optimal safe controllers based on density functions. We present an algorithm for robust constrained optimal control synthesis using the duality relationship between the density function and the value function. The density function follows the Liouville equation and is the dual of the value function, which satisﬁes Bellman’s optimality principle. Thanks to density functions, constraints over the distribution of states, such as safety constraints, can be posed straightforwardly in an optimal control problem. The constrained optimal control problem is then solved with a primal-dual algorithm. This formulation is extended to the case with external disturbances, and we show that the robust constrained optimal control can be solved with a modiﬁed primal-dual algorithm. We apply this formulation to the problem of ﬁnding the optimal safe controller that minimizes the cumulative intervention. An adaptive cruise control (ACC) example is used to demonstrate the efﬁcacy of the proposed, wherein we compare the result of the density function approach with the conventional control barrier function (CBF) method.},
language = {en},
}