Understanding and Assessing the Motivations of Volunteers: A Functional Approach. Clary, E., G., Snyder, M., Ridge, R., D., Copeland, J., Stukas, a., a., Haugen, J., & Miene, P. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74(6):1516-30, 6, 1998.
Understanding and Assessing the Motivations of Volunteers: A Functional Approach. [pdf]Paper  Understanding and Assessing the Motivations of Volunteers: A Functional Approach. [link]Website  abstract   bibtex   
The authors applied functionalist theory to the question of the motivations underlying volunteerism, hypothesized 6 functions potentially served by volunteerism, and designed an instrument to assess these functions (Volunteer Functions Inventory; VFI). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses on diverse samples yielded factor solutions consistent with functionalist theorizing; each VFI motivation, loaded on a single factor, possessed substantial internal consistency and temporal stability and correlated only modestly with other VFI motivations (Studies 1, 2, and 3). Evidence for predictive validity is provided by a laboratory study in which VFI motivations predicted the persuasive appeal of messages better when message and motivation were matched than mismatched (Study 4), and by field studies in which the extent to which volunteers' experiences matched their motivations predicted satisfaction (Study 5) and future intentions (Study 6). Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.
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 title = {Understanding and Assessing the Motivations of Volunteers: A Functional Approach.},
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 year = {1998},
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 keywords = {Adult,Career Choice,Factor Analysis,Female,Humans,Job Satisfaction,Male,Minnesota,Motivation,Personnel Loyalty,Personnel Selection,Personnel Selection: methods,Persuasive Communication,Psychological Tests,Psychometrics,Psychometrics: methods,Regression Analysis,Reproducibility of Results,Social Values,Statistical,Voluntary Workers,Voluntary Workers: psychology},
 pages = {1516-30},
 volume = {74},
 websites = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9654757},
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 abstract = {The authors applied functionalist theory to the question of the motivations underlying volunteerism, hypothesized 6 functions potentially served by volunteerism, and designed an instrument to assess these functions (Volunteer Functions Inventory; VFI). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses on diverse samples yielded factor solutions consistent with functionalist theorizing; each VFI motivation, loaded on a single factor, possessed substantial internal consistency and temporal stability and correlated only modestly with other VFI motivations (Studies 1, 2, and 3). Evidence for predictive validity is provided by a laboratory study in which VFI motivations predicted the persuasive appeal of messages better when message and motivation were matched than mismatched (Study 4), and by field studies in which the extent to which volunteers' experiences matched their motivations predicted satisfaction (Study 5) and future intentions (Study 6). Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.},
 bibtype = {article},
 author = {Clary, E G and Snyder, M and Ridge, R D and Copeland, J and Stukas, a a and Haugen, J and Miene, P},
 journal = {Journal of Personality and Social Psychology},
 number = {6}
}
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