Dendritic cell maturation: Functional specialization through signaling specificity and transcriptional programming. Dalod, M.; Chelbi, R.; Malissen, B.; and Lawrence, T. EMBO Journal, 33(10):1104-1116, 2014.
Dendritic cell maturation: Functional specialization through signaling specificity and transcriptional programming [pdf]Paper  abstract   bibtex   
Dendritic cells (DC) are key regulators of both protective immune responses and tolerance to self-antigens. Soon after their discovery in lymphoid tissues by Steinman and Cohn, as cells with the unique ability to prime naïve antigen-specific T cells, it was realized that DC can exist in at least two distinctive states characterized by morphological, phenotypic and functional changes-this led to the description of DC maturation. It is now well appreciated that there are several subsets of DC in both lymphoid and non-lymphoid tissues of mammals, and these cells show remarkable functional specialization and specificity in their roles in tolerance and immunity. This review will focus on the specific characteristics of DC subsets and how their functional specialization may be regulated by distinctive gene expression programs and signaling responses in both steady-state and in the context of inflammation. In particular, we will highlight the common and distinctive genes and signaling pathways that are associated with the functional maturation of DC subsets.
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 title = {Dendritic cell maturation: Functional specialization through signaling specificity and transcriptional programming},
 type = {article},
 year = {2014},
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 keywords = {Dendritic cells,Homeostasis,Immunity,Tolerance},
 pages = {1104-1116},
 volume = {33},
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 abstract = {Dendritic cells (DC) are key regulators of both protective immune responses and tolerance to self-antigens. Soon after their discovery in lymphoid tissues by Steinman and Cohn, as cells with the unique ability to prime naïve antigen-specific T cells, it was realized that DC can exist in at least two distinctive states characterized by morphological, phenotypic and functional changes-this led to the description of DC maturation. It is now well appreciated that there are several subsets of DC in both lymphoid and non-lymphoid tissues of mammals, and these cells show remarkable functional specialization and specificity in their roles in tolerance and immunity. This review will focus on the specific characteristics of DC subsets and how their functional specialization may be regulated by distinctive gene expression programs and signaling responses in both steady-state and in the context of inflammation. In particular, we will highlight the common and distinctive genes and signaling pathways that are associated with the functional maturation of DC subsets.},
 bibtype = {article},
 author = {Dalod, Marc and Chelbi, Rabie and Malissen, Bernard and Lawrence, Toby},
 journal = {EMBO Journal},
 number = {10}
}
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