Growth curves and sustained commissioning modelling of renewable energy: Investigating resource constraints for wind energy. Davidsson, S.; Grandell, L.; Wachtmeister, H.; and Höök, M. Energy Policy, 73:767–776, October, 2014. 00016
Growth curves and sustained commissioning modelling of renewable energy: Investigating resource constraints for wind energy [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Several recent studies have proposed fast transitions to energy systems based on renewable energy technology. Many of them dismiss potential physical constraints and issues with natural resource supply, and do not consider the growth rates of the individual technologies needed or how the energy systems are to be sustained over longer time frames. A case study is presented modelling potential growth rates of the wind energy required to reach installed capacities proposed in other studies, taking into account the expected service life of wind turbines. A sustained commissioning model is proposed as a theoretical foundation for analysing reasonable growth patterns for technologies that can be sustained in the future. The annual installation and related resource requirements to reach proposed wind capacity are quantified and it is concluded that these factors should be considered when assessing the feasibility, and even the sustainability, of fast energy transitions. Even a sustained commissioning scenario would require significant resource flows, for the transition as well as for sustaining the system, indefinitely. Recent studies that claim there are no potential natural resource barriers or other physical constraints to fast transitions to renewable energy appear inadequate in ruling out these concerns.
@article{davidsson_growth_2014,
	title = {Growth curves and sustained commissioning modelling of renewable energy: {Investigating} resource constraints for wind energy},
	volume = {73},
	issn = {0301-4215},
	shorttitle = {Growth curves and sustained commissioning modelling of renewable energy},
	url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421514002833},
	doi = {10.1016/j.enpol.2014.05.003},
	abstract = {Several recent studies have proposed fast transitions to energy systems based on renewable energy technology. Many of them dismiss potential physical constraints and issues with natural resource supply, and do not consider the growth rates of the individual technologies needed or how the energy systems are to be sustained over longer time frames. A case study is presented modelling potential growth rates of the wind energy required to reach installed capacities proposed in other studies, taking into account the expected service life of wind turbines. A sustained commissioning model is proposed as a theoretical foundation for analysing reasonable growth patterns for technologies that can be sustained in the future. The annual installation and related resource requirements to reach proposed wind capacity are quantified and it is concluded that these factors should be considered when assessing the feasibility, and even the sustainability, of fast energy transitions. Even a sustained commissioning scenario would require significant resource flows, for the transition as well as for sustaining the system, indefinitely. Recent studies that claim there are no potential natural resource barriers or other physical constraints to fast transitions to renewable energy appear inadequate in ruling out these concerns.},
	urldate = {2016-11-01},
	journal = {Energy Policy},
	author = {Davidsson, Simon and Grandell, Leena and Wachtmeister, Henrik and Höök, Mikael},
	month = oct,
	year = {2014},
	note = {00016},
	keywords = {energy, limits, collapse, renewables},
	pages = {767--776},
	file = {Davidsson et al. - 2014 - Growth curves and sustained commissioning modellin.pdf:C\:\\Users\\rsrs\\Documents\\Zotero Database\\storage\\ZDTX6I9J\\Davidsson et al. - 2014 - Growth curves and sustained commissioning modellin.pdf:application/pdf}
}
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