Gaps Promote Plant Diversity in Beech Forests (Luzulo-Fagetum), North Vosges, France. Degen, T.; Devillez, F.; and Jacquemart, A. 62(5):429–440.
Gaps Promote Plant Diversity in Beech Forests (Luzulo-Fagetum), North Vosges, France [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
Windstorms are major di sturbance factors in temperate forests of Western Eur ope. With climatic changes those events are likely to become more frequent. The study of their impacts on plant communitie s is essential. Therefore our objective was to evaluate the differences of the plant community after the 1999 windstorm that blew down appr oximately 968 000 ha across France. This study took place in th e North Vosges (36 800 ha destroyed). Th e differences in species diversit y, resource requireme nts and functional plant traits were analy sed, with floristic surveys, between undisturbed forest (10 plots) and gaps ranging from 250 m 2 and 1.8 ha (65 plots). The results showed a higher plant diversity in the gaps. This increase was ma inly due to the presence of more light-re quiring forest species and more species wit h high dispersal abilities (anemochorous or long-te rm persistent seedbank species). On the contrary, species with greater competitive abilities increased their cover and decreased the diversity. The other resource requirements were not modified in the gaps . This short-term study showed that functional traits and their interactions play a major role to determine th e species composition in gaps, especially compared to the specie s requirements for the resources, except light.
@article{degenGapsPromotePlant2005,
  title = {Gaps Promote Plant Diversity in Beech Forests ({{Luzulo}}-{{Fagetum}}), {{North Vosges}}, {{France}}},
  author = {Degen, Thomas and Devillez, Freddy and Jacquemart, Anne-Laure},
  date = {2005-07},
  journaltitle = {Annals of Forest Science},
  volume = {62},
  pages = {429--440},
  issn = {1286-4560},
  doi = {10.1051/forest:2005039},
  url = {https://doi.org/10.1051/forest:2005039},
  abstract = {Windstorms are major di sturbance factors in temperate forests of Western Eur ope. With climatic changes those events are likely to become more frequent. The study of their impacts on plant communitie s is essential. Therefore our objective was to evaluate the differences of the plant community after the 1999 windstorm that blew down appr oximately 968 000 ha across France. This study took place in th e North Vosges (36 800 ha destroyed). Th e differences in species diversit y, resource requireme nts and functional plant traits were analy sed, with floristic surveys, between undisturbed forest (10 plots) and gaps ranging from 250 m 2 and 1.8 ha (65 plots). The results showed a higher plant diversity in the gaps. This increase was ma inly due to the presence of more light-re quiring forest species and more species wit h high dispersal abilities (anemochorous or long-te rm persistent seedbank species). On the contrary, species with greater competitive abilities increased their cover and decreased the diversity. The other resource requirements were not modified in the gaps . This short-term study showed that functional traits and their interactions play a major role to determine th e species composition in gaps, especially compared to the specie s requirements for the resources, except light.},
  keywords = {*imported-from-citeulike-INRMM,~INRMM-MiD:c-13508711,common-name-beech,forest-regeneration,france},
  number = {5}
}
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