The contingency of governments' responsiveness to the virtual public sphere: A systematic literature review and meta-synthesis. Dekker, R. and Bekkers, V. Government Information Quarterly.
The contingency of governments' responsiveness to the virtual public sphere: A systematic literature review and meta-synthesis [link]Paper  doi  abstract   bibtex   
The influence of the virtual public sphere in the policy process is not only dependent on the power of online media and the stakeholders who are using them. The responsiveness of governments to online policy debate is important as well. While some studies show examples of governments' responsiveness to the virtual public sphere, others find that online participation is largely ignored. Such contrasting findings point at a contingency of governments' responsiveness to online public debate. This article offers a systematic literature review and meta-synthesis of empirical articles that provide insight in the factors accounting for governments' responsiveness to the virtual public sphere. A theory-based analytical framework served as guideline for qualitative analysis of the findings of 39 studies. We found that institutional characteristics, characteristics of the policymaker, characteristics of online participation and characteristics of the policy domain are relevant conditions for governments' responsiveness to the virtual public sphere.
@article{dekker_contingency_????,
	title = {The contingency of governments' responsiveness to the virtual public sphere: {A} systematic literature review and meta-synthesis},
	issn = {0740-624X},
	shorttitle = {The contingency of governments' responsiveness to the virtual public sphere},
	url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0740624X15300125},
	doi = {10.1016/j.giq.2015.09.007},
	abstract = {The influence of the virtual public sphere in the policy process is not only dependent on the power of online media and the stakeholders who are using them. The responsiveness of governments to online policy debate is important as well. While some studies show examples of governments' responsiveness to the virtual public sphere, others find that online participation is largely ignored. Such contrasting findings point at a contingency of governments' responsiveness to online public debate. This article offers a systematic literature review and meta-synthesis of empirical articles that provide insight in the factors accounting for governments' responsiveness to the virtual public sphere. A theory-based analytical framework served as guideline for qualitative analysis of the findings of 39 studies. We found that institutional characteristics, characteristics of the policymaker, characteristics of online participation and characteristics of the policy domain are relevant conditions for governments' responsiveness to the virtual public sphere.},
	urldate = {2015-10-12},
	journal = {Government Information Quarterly},
	author = {Dekker, Rianne and Bekkers, Victor},
	keywords = {E-democracy, Internet, Meta-synthesis, Public sphere, Responsiveness, Social media, Systematic literature review},
	file = {ScienceDirect Full Text PDF:files/52536/Dekker and Bekkers - The contingency of governments' responsiveness to .pdf:application/pdf;ScienceDirect Snapshot:files/52535/Dekker and Bekkers - The contingency of governments' responsiveness to .html:text/html}
}
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